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Test Code : MOS-EXP
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Microsoft Microsoft transcend 2002 Core

grab the floor pro 6, keyboard and pen blanketed, for $800 at Costco | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Surface Pro 6 ReviewDan Baker/Digital tendencies

trying to shop on Microsoft’s newest 2-in-1? You’re in luck. Wholesaler Costco is at the instant working a sale on the surface professional 6 that means that you can pick one domestic for just $800 with the keyboard and pen included, however handiest via March 3.

Costco’s sale covers the Intel Core i5 model with a total of 8GB RAM and a 128GB solid-state force. A groundwork $60 membership is required to purchase objects at Costco, but this selfsame mannequin sells for $900 at the Microsoft rescue devoid of the floor Pen or class cover keyboard included. bought one by one, the pen expenses $100 and the keyboard is $one hundred thirty, which means you’ll champion $230 with out even factoring within the sale fee. The Costco cost is additionally more affordable than Microsoft’s floor seasoned 6 essentials bundle, which steps up remaining pricing to $1,168 after together with the keyboard and 365 days of workplace 365 home for access to be aware, Excel, and PowerPoint.

This sale is a shrimp infrequent, as simplest over the crash season did the pricing on floor seasoned 6 bundles attain down as shrimp as $800. It is likewise more cost-effective in pricing when in comparison to many of the latest bundle choices at surest buy, which sells the selfsame mannequin with the Intel Core i5 processor, 8GB RAM, and a 128GB SSD for $1,060.

whereas now not packing a extra potent Intel Core i7 Processor or a a shrimp greater 256GB solid-state-pressure, this sale mannequin remains a brilliant option for any person drawn to accepted web looking and multitasking. We reviewed the surface professional 6 in October 2018 and institute that it continues to be the best of the windows 2-in-1s. A vivid, appealing three:2 reveal, world-category build exceptional, enhanced multitasking performance, and astounding battery life are among the many facets they highlighted. outdated ports, the exigency of USB-C, the shortcoming of Whiskey Lake processors, and the negative tablet mode hold been the low aspects, but still didn’t spoil the general journey for the machine.

if you’re attempting to find different deals on tech outside of Microsoft, the strongest mannequin of Google’s Pixelbook is additionally at the instant on sale. Boasting an Intel Core i7 Processor, 16GB RAM, and a 512GB strong-state-pressure, Amazon has it on sale for $1,184 as an alternative of the common expense of $1,649, for a discount rates of $465.

We attempt to wait on their readers locate the example offers on first-class items and capabilities, and umpire what they cowl carefully and independently. if you locate an improved fee for a product listed birthright here, or wish to imply one of your own, e-mail us at

Digital traits may additionally deserve fee on products purchased through their hyperlinks, which helps the drudgery they Do for their readers.

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Microsoft is cannibalising office 2019 in modern marketing crusade | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Microsoft has launched a brand modern advertising and marketing drive to dishearten valued clientele from buying its currently launched workplace 2019 productiveness suite in favour of its subscription-based mostly sibling office 365.

The tech gigantic pitted its two office items towards each other, overwhelmingly favouring 365 and its flashy modern AI features.

The clips focused mainly on word, transcend and Powerpoint, with three units of similar twins given a assignment every, evaluating both models of each and every utility.

Twins Scott and Sean hold been both tasked with updating their resumes in be aware. Jeremy and Nathan raced to glimpse who could originate an transcend spreadsheet with data and figures the quickest, whereas Cynni and Tanny tried to jazz up a half-complete slideshow presentation.

In a blog publish accompanying the campaign, workplace accepted manager Jared Spataro highlighted the merits of the cloud-primarily based office 365, and “the energy of AI to create greater impactful content with less effort.”

“workplace 2019 likewise supplies complete installs of the office apps they understand and love—but they’re ‘frozen in time’. They don’t ever Get up-to-date with modern points, and they’re not cloud-related,” Spataro mentioned.

“additionally, workplace 2019 doesn’t wait on precise-time coauthoring across apps, and it doesn’t hold the marvelous AI-powered capabilities that comprehend office 365.”

Microsoft first published workplace 2019 in September 2017, focused towards valued clientele that are not yet ready to circulation to the cloud. Spataro at the time touted office 2019 as a “effective better for customers who reflect that they should retain some or sum of their apps and servers on-premises."

office 2019 was launched one year later, with a 10 percent cost bump from veteran choices, chiefly with workplace customer, client access License (enterprise and Core) and server products.

Microsoft has additionally been pushing more durable with its subscription-based features, incentivising salespeople to favour subscription-based mostly items over traditional perpetual utility.

talking at Canalys' Channels forum event in Hong Kong late closing 12 months, chief govt Steve Brazier pointed out Australia and modern Zealand were both quick to jump on subscription-primarily based pricing fashions, whereas valued clientele in their Asia-Pacific neighbours had been slightly extra hesitant to originate the shift.

Microsoft is now the grown up in an trade filled with vicissitude infants | existent Questions and Pass4sure dumps

The turnaround at Microsoft has been powered by means of its Azure cloud computing platform,  on which it hosts utility and rents out web infrastructure to great organisations and govt departments. Wedbush Securities analyst Dan Ives this week described Microsoft as a "cloud behemoth", now in a two-horse race for control of that lucrative market with Amazon (Google is a far-off third).

For his half, Worrall places the Microsoft revival sum the passage down to the inside adjustments achieve in location by international chief govt Staya Nadella, who took the reins five years ago this month.  there has been “a simple rethinking of their subculture, who they are, what they stand for, how they want to exhibit up,” he says.

Microsoft Australia CEO Steven WorrallCredit:Mark Nolan

"there is a variety of expertise round, however it must be americans first, know-how 2d, because ultimately firms, governments, organisations, are populated by individuals."

unexpectedly, Microsoft has rotate into one of the crucial few grown-united states of americain tech, an trade more and more described through its vicissitude shrimp ones (most prominently fb, which has lurched from scandal to scandal over the past year, but there are a lot of different examples in birth-up land).

Fittingly, then, when it involves the debates which hold raged during the native tech sector over the terminal yr, Worrall offers a a noble deal extra measured tone than the hysterical voices that are likely to dominate trade dialogue in Australia.

Take immigration. When the govt abolished the 457 visa scheme closing yr, there were howls of concern from entrepreneurs, who talked about the adjustments would grind the fledgling native sector to a halt and relegate Australia to a tech backwater. That has no longer came about, and Worrall, for one, isn’t shocked.

“if you are looking at Australia at an economic system degree, they hold had 28 years of [uninterrupted economic] growth. They are looking to flood their economic climate ahead, Do they in reality respect three per cent of the workforce (on 457s) goes to be the understanding they Get there or not?” he says.

“It’s no longer that it doesn’t signify number, it’s simply placing it into context. Of direction they want advantage, but it surely’s not the concern that goes to grasp us again.”

The onus is on great agencies to re-ability workers to be in a position to drudgery in the modern economic system, he says, which Microsoft is doing.


On encryption, he is similarly sanguine. The laws rushed via parliament on the remaining sitting day of remaining yr with bipartisan usher horrified the tech sector. there hold been claims that local startups would be locked out of offshore markets, and that fundamental tech organizations would cease doing company in Australia. That hasn't transpired, both.

Worrall isn’t precisely glowing about the legal guidelines (a lobby group Microsoft belongs to formally adversarial them) however he doesn’t flat out condemn them either.

“issues circulation without detain in expertise and as a executive your #1 priority is to give protection to the citizens you signify,” he says. "Is it a astonish they did not Get it birthright the primary time? I Do not feel so. These considerations are fairly complex.”

Of path, Microsoft makes some huge cash from govt departments around the world, together with in Australia.  That, to a point, may additionally clarify his reluctance to criticise policies.

For tech shareholders, making funds from governments is likewise vastly preferable to being hauled before them to define your company model.

John McDuling is a company, media and expertise creator for The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age.

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Microsoft transcend 2002 Core

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Professional transcend Development: transcend and VB.NET | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

This chapter from Professional transcend Development: The Definitive usher to Developing Applications Using Microsoft Excel, VBA, and .NET, 2nd Edition<</em> introduces VB.NET along with the .NET Framework, shows how you can automate transcend with VB.NET, and finally covers ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources.

This chapter is from the reserve 

In 2002, Microsoft released the first version of its evolution suite Visual Studio.NET (VS.NET) together with the .NET Framework. Since then, Microsoft has released modern versions of the Framework and evolution suite in quick succession. Microsoft has strongly indicated that .NET is the flagship evolution platform now and for the foreseeable future.

Visual Basic.NET (VB.NET) is piece of VS.NET, and despite its similarity in the designation with Classic VB (VB6), the two hold shrimp in common. VB.NET is the successor to Classic VB and as such it provides the ability to create more technically modern solutions, a great group of modern and updated controls, and a modern advanced IDE. affecting from Classic VB to VB.NET is a non-trivial process, primarily because VB.NET is based on a modern and completely different technology platform.

Excel developers likewise visage the situation where applications created with the modern .NET technology exigency to communicate with applications based on the older COM technology, for example, VB.NET applications communicating with Excel. Because transcend is a COM-based application it cannot communicate directly with code written in .NET.All .NET code that communicates with transcend must cross the .NET COM boundary. This is valuable to champion in understanding because it is a challenge to manage and can hold significant performance implications.

In the first piece of this chapter, VB.NET is introduced along with the .NET Framework. The second piece of this chapter focuses on how they can automate transcend with VB.NET. Finally they cover ADO.NET, which is used to connect to and retrieve data from various data sources. ADO.NET is the successor to classic ADO on the .NET platform.

To provide a better understanding of VB.NET, they develop a practical solution, the PETRAS Report Tool.NET. This solution is a fully functional Windows Forms based reporting tool. It retrieves data from the PETRAS SQL Server database and uses transcend templates to present the reports.

VB.NET, ADO.NET, and the .NET Framework are book-length topics in their own right; what they examine here and in the two following chapters merely scratches the surface. At the End of this chapter you find some recommended books and online resources that provide additional detail on these subjects.

The .NET Framework is the core of .NET. Before they can develop or run any .NET-based solutions, the Framework must be installed and available. The Framework provides the foundation for sum .NET software development. The .NET Framework is likewise liable for interoperability between .NET solutions and COM servers and components. This topic is covered later in the chapter. For the purposes of their discussion, they can reflect of the .NET Framework architecture as consisting of two major parts:

  • A huge collection of groundwork class libraries and interfaces—This collection contains sum the class libraries and interfaces required for .NET solutions. Namespaces are used to organize these class libraries and interfaces into a hierarchical structure. The namespaces are usually organized by function, and each namespace usually has several child namespaces. Namespaces originate it effortless to access and exercise different classes and simplify kick references. They dispute namespaces in more detail when presenting VB.NET later in this chapter.
  • Common Language Runtime (CLR)—This is the engine of the .NET Framework, and it is liable for sum .NET groundwork services. It controls and monitors sum activities of .NET applications, including remembrance management, thread management, structured exception handling (SEH), garbage collection, and security. It likewise provides a common data sort system (CTS) that defines sum .NET data types.
  • The rapid evolution of the .NET Framework is reflected in the great number of versions available. Different Framework versions can coexist on one computer, and multiple versions of the Framework can be run side-by-side simultaneously on the selfsame computer. However, an application can only exercise one version of the .NET Framework at any one time. The Framework version that becomes dynamic is determined by which version is required by the .NET-based program that is loaded first. A general recommendation is to only hold one version of the Framework installed on a target computer.

    Because there are several different Framework versions in common exercise and they may not be able to control the version available on the computers they target, they exigency to apply the selfsame strategy to the .NET Framework as they Do when targeting multiple transcend versions: Develop against the lowest Framework version they goal to target. Of course there will likewise be situations that ordain the Framework version they exigency to target, such as corporate clients who hold standardized on a specific version.

    As of this writing, the two most common Framework versions are 2.0 and 3.0. Both versions can be used on Windows XP, and version 3.0 is included with Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008. Visual Studio 2008 (VS 2008) includes both of these Framework versions as well as version 3.5. By providing sum current Framework versions, VS 2008 makes it effortless to select the most commandeer version to exercise when building their solutions. Versions 3.0 and 3.5 of the .NET Framework are backward compatible in a similar manner as the latest versions of the transcend kick libraries.

    The .NET Framework can run on sum versions of Windows from Windows 98 forward, but to develop .NET-based solutions they exigency to hold Windows 2000 or later. If they goal to target Windows XP or earlier they exigency to originate confident the desired version of the .NET Framework is installed on the target computer, because these Windows versions Do not comprehend the Framework preinstalled. sum versions of the Framework are available for download from the Microsoft Web site and can be redistributed easily. To avoid confusion, they only exercise version 2.0 of the .NET Framework in this chapter and the next.

    First glimpse At Qualtrics' IPO | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

    No result found, try modern keyword!In addition, while SurveyMonkey is still posting net losses, Qualtrics has managed to crash even (impressive when they respect that Qualtrics was founded in 2002 ... Microsoft transcend (MSFT) spreadsheets ...

    From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS, piece II | existent questions and Pass4sure dumps

    How could Peter  vivid ditch  sum this for the minimalism of MacOS? He loves the color purple far too much to Do that, right?Enlarge / How could Peter vivid ditch sum this for the minimalism of MacOS? He loves the color purple far too much to Do that, right? Ethan Miller / Getty Images reader comments 128 with 69 posters participating Share this story
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  • Ten years ago around this very time—April through June 2008—our intrepid Microsoft guru Peter vivid evidently had an identity crisis. Could this lifelong PC user really hold been pushed to the brink? Was he considering a switch to... Mac OS?!? While their staff hopefully enjoys a less stressful Memorial Day this year, throughout the weekend we're resurfacing this three piece chain that doubles as an existential operating system Dilemma circa 2008. piece two ran on May 4, 2008, and it appears unedited below.

    Last time, I described how Apple turned its failure to develop a modern OS into a noteworthy success. The purchase of NeXT gave Apple a buzzword-compliant OS with a hale ecosystem of high-quality third-party applications. Meanwhile, Microsoft was lumbering along with Windows XP. Although technically sound, it was shot through with the decisions made more than a decade earlier for 16-bit Windows.

    In 2001, when XP was released, this was not such a astronomical deal. The first two or three versions of Mac OS X were troublesome, to whisper the least. Performance was weak, there were stability issues, and version 10.0 arguably wasn't even feature complete. It wasn't until early 2002 that Apple even made Mac OS X the default OS on modern Macs; for the first few months of its life, XP was up against "Classic" Mac OS 9.

    Further Reading From Win32 to Cocoa: A Windows user’s would-be conversion to Mac OS X

    But OS X didn't stand still. Apple released a chain of updates in quick succession, strengthening the platform with modern features enjoy Core Audio, Core Image, Core Data, and Quartz Extreme, and providing high-quality applications that exploited these abilities. sum this time, XP itself stood still. The core Windows platform didn't change between 2001 and late 2006.

    Although XP itself was essentially unchanged, Microsoft did try to bear a modern, appealing platform for future development. That platform was, of course, .NET, and observant readers will hold noticed that I didn't mention it in piece one. This was no accident, as the total .NET Story deserved a more thorough examination.

    Microsoft attempts modernity

    In 2002, Microsoft released the .NET Framework. The .NET Framework was brand spanking new. It was designed and implemented from the ground up. It could hold been clean and consistent and orthogonal and with a limpid design and powerful concepts. It could hold been a passage out of the quagmire that is Win32. It could hold provided salvation—an environment free of 16-bit legacy decisions, with powerful APIs on a par with what Apple had developed. The .NET Framework stack

    Enlarge / The .NET Framework stack Wikimedia Commons

    It was certainly promoted as such. .NET was pushed as the future, the passage sum Windows evolution would occur in the future. The plans became quite aggressive; in the OS that was to succeed Windows XP, modern functionality would be accessed not through Win32 but through .NET, significance that any developer wanting to exploit the latest and greatest OS features would hold to venture into this fearless modern world.

    So .NET could hold been a step into the 21st century. It could hold been, but it wasn't. Technically, .NET was fine. The virtual machine infrastructure was pretty sound, the performance was reasonable, and C# was an adequate (if not exactly ground-breaking) language. But the library—the .NET "API" used for such diverse tasks as writing files, reading data from databases, sending information over a network, parsing XML, or creating a GUI—the library is another Story altogether.

    The library is extremely bad. It is simplistic and inexorable and in many ways quite limited. See, .NET has a astronomical problem: its target audience. .NET was meant to be a unified platform that sum developers would use—after all, if modern OS features required .NET, a broad cross-section of developers would exercise it. The problem is that not sum developers are created equal. By looking at the different kinds of developers out there, they can understand why .NET is the passage it is. What follows is not an exhaustive taxonomy of sum the eerie and wonderful breeds of programmer, but rather a harsh taxonomy of some of the key species.

    Our favorite  kindhearted of  veteran  drive swag.Our favorite kindhearted of veteran drive swag. A developer taxonomy

    At one level, you hold people who are basically business analysts; they're using Access or transcend or VB6 to write data analyzing/number crunching applications. These things are hugely valuable in the business world, totally unexciting to anyone else, and the people writing them aren't really "programmers." I mean, they are, in the sense that they're writing programs, but they're not especially interested in programming or anything enjoy that. They don't really trust about the trait of the libraries and tools they're using; they just want something simple enough that they can pick it up without too much difficulty. They'll never write the best code or the best programs in the world; they won't be elegant or well-structured or pretty to glimpse at. But they'll work. Historically, as I said, these are the kindhearted of people who Access is made for. Access is a noteworthy tool, quite unparalleled. Sure, it's a lousy database engine with a hideous programming language, but the power it gives these people is immense. So Access and VB6 and transcend macros are where it's at for these guys.

    At the next level, you hold the journeyman developers. Now these people aren't "business" people—they are proper programmers. But it's just a job, and they'll tend to stick with what they know rather than try to Do something better. They might be a bit more discerning about their tools than the business types, but they're not going to retreat out of their passage to pick up modern skills and learn modern things. They might exercise VB6 or Java or C# or whatever; it doesn't really matter to them, as they'll exercise whatever offers them the best employment opportunities at any given moment. Their code will probably glimpse more or less the selfsame no matter what. They're not going to learn the idioms of whatever specific language they're using, because there's no need, so it's just not for them.

    A key feature of these developers is that, most of the time, they're writing "enterprise" software. This isn't software that will sit on a shelf in a store for someone to buy; it's custom applications to assist with some business process or other. veracity be told, it probably won't hold to glimpse very nice or drudgery very well; it just has to Get the job done. With "enterprise" software, you can often Get away with a clunky program, because the people who are using it hold sum been trained on what to do. If doing X makes the application crash, that's okay—they can just be taught not to Do X any more.

    In spite of the often mediocre trait of the software these people write, they're a group that's immensely valuable to Microsoft. These programs are a key piece of the platform lock-in that Microsoft craves. If a company has some business-critical custom application written in Visual Basic 6, that company isn't going to roll out Linux to its desktops; it's trapped on Windows.

    At the final level, you hold the conscientious developers. These are people who trust about what they're doing. They might be writing business apps somewhere (although they probably abominate it, unless they are on a team of like-minded individuals) but, probably more likely, they're writing programs in their own time. They want to learn about what's wintry and new; they want to Do the birthright thing on their platforms; they want to learn modern techniques and better solutions to existing problems. They might be using unusual evolution platforms, or they might be using C++, but they'll be writing noble code that's commandeer to their tools. They'll heed UI guidelines (and only crash them when appropriate); they'll exercise modern features that the platform has to offer; they'll thrust things to the limit. In a noble way, of course.

    In the pre-.NET world, this wasn't really a astronomical problem. The first group used transcend macros and Access; the second group used Visual Basic 6, and the terminal group could exercise C++ or whatever beret-wearing funky scripting language was à la mode at the time. This sum worked out fine, because one of the few nice things about Win32 is that it was designed for C. C is in many ways a very simple language, and it's likewise a ubiquitous language. As a consequence of this, pretty much every other programming language created in the terminal pair of decades can, one passage or another, summon C APIs.

    ".NET could hold been a step into the 21st century. It could hold been, but it wasn't."

    .NET isn't enjoy that. Although .NET can summon C APIs (just enjoy everything else can), the existent objective is for sum programming to reside in the .NET world. .NET is meant to be the entire platform, with sum the different languages that people exercise animate inside the .NET environment. This is why .NET has APIs for tasks enjoy reading and writing files; in the .NET world you're not meant to exercise Win32 to Do these things, you're meant to exercise .NET's facilities for doing them. It's still practicable to exercise different languages with .NET (in fact, it's easier than it was in the pre-.NET days). Just now, the different languages sum exercise the common set of .NET APIs for drawing windows on screen, or saving files, or querying databases, and so on.

    Because everything now has to live "within" the .NET world, .NET has to be sum things to sum people. Well actually, that's not true. It's trying to be noble enough for the first and second kindhearted of programmer. The third type—well, just ignore them. They're too demanding anyway. They're the ones who trust about their tools and Get upset when an API is badly designed. They're the ones who notice the inconsistencies and omissions and gripe about them.

    The .NET library is simple to the point of being totally dumbed down; it's probably okay for the first and second groups, not least because they don't know any better, but for the rest it's an exercise in frustration. This frustration is exacerbated when it's compared to .NET's astronomical competitor, Java. Java is no panacea; it too is aiming roughly at the middle kindhearted of developer, which is understandable, as they're the most numerous. But Java's much more high-minded. It's much stronger on concepts, making it easier to learn. Sun doesn't Get it birthright the total time, but the people behind Java hold clearly made something of an effort.

    One practical manifestation of this is that .NET reflects a lot of the nasty decisions made in Win32. For example, .NET provides an API named Windows Forms for writing GUIs. Windows Forms is based heavily on the Win32 GUI APIs; the selfsame GUI APIs that owe their design to Win16. To properly write Windows Forms programs, you exigency to know how Win32 works, because there are concepts from Win32 that originate their presence felt in Windows Forms. In Win32, every window is related to a specific thread. There can be multiple windows that belong to a thread, but every window is owned by exactly one thread. Almost every action that updates a window in some way—moving it on-screen, changing some text, animating some graphics, anything enjoy that—has to be performed within the thread that owns the window.

    This restriction in itself is not entirely uncommon. There are very few truly multithreaded GUI APIs, because it tends to originate programs more complicated for no existent benefit. The problem lies in how .NET makes developers wield this restriction. There's a passage to test whether an update to a window needs to be sent to the thread that actually owns the window or not, along with a mechanism for sending the update to the window's thread. Except this passage doesn't always work. Under some situations, it can construe you that you're using the rectify thread already even if you're not. If the program then carries on and tries to effect the update, it may succeed or it may hang or crash the application. The understanding for this unhelpful behavior is the passage Windows Forms depends so heavily on Win32.

    These shrimp issues are abundant. The .NET library does work. It more or less has sum the main pieces you need, but it's complete of areas where you hold to deal, directly or indirectly, with the obsolescent mediocrity of Win32. On their own, not one of these issues would be a show-stopper, but they sum add up. It's a death of a thousand cuts. There are so many places where the Win32 underpinnings "shine through" and taint what should hold been a brand-new platform.

    What about Win64?

    If Win32 was a mess and .NET didn't fix it, the other chance MS could hold had was to fix it for Win64, the 64-bit Windows API. Porting a program to Win64 requires a recompile at the very least, and it can often require code changes to avoid doing things that are safe for 32-bit processors but not for their 64-bit brethren. Because of this necessary recompile, one would reflect that MS could surely hold tidied things up a bit. Maybe not radically overhauled, but tidied up.

    For example, there's a office called OpenFile. OpenFile was a Win16 function. It opens files, obviously enough. In Win32 it was deprecated—kept in, to allow 16-bit apps to be ported to Win32 more easily, but deprecated sum the same. In Win32 it has always been deprecated. The documentation for OpenFile says, "Note: Only exercise this office with 16-bit versions of Windows. For newer applications, exercise the CreateFile function." But in spite of that, Win64 still has OpenFile. No one should be using it, but it's still there.

    Another example; Win32 has a office for getting the size of a file. File sizes on Windows are limited to 2^64 bytes, and so they exigency a 64-bit integer to be expressed easily. But the API summon to Get the size of a file doesn't give you a 64-bit value. Instead, it gives you a pair of 32-bit values that hold to be combined in a particular way. For 32-bit Windows, that's sort of understandable; 32-bit Windows is, well, 32-bit, so you might not anticipate to be able to exercise 64-bit integers. But if you exercise the selfsame API in 64-bit Windows, it still gives you the pair of numbers, rather than just a nice simple 64-bit number. While this made some kindhearted of sense on 32-bit Windows, it makes no sense at sum on 64-bit Windows, since 64-bit Windows can, by definition, exercise 64-bit numbers.

    And of course, developers can cope with this. not one of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could be tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform. It just makes writing noble programs harder than it should be and learning the API harder than it exigency be.

    Problems for Microsoft

    So Windows is just a disaster to write programs for. It's miserable. It's quite nice if you want to exercise the selfsame techniques you erudite 15 years ago and not bother to change how you do, well, anything, but for anyone else it's sum pain. I thought before that Microsoft cared about people enjoy me. But it doesn't. And it makes programming on Windows painful. Microsoft is noteworthy at backwards compatibility—you can pick really veteran programs and compile and run them on a brand modern Windows—but terrible at design and terrible at providing a noble experience.

    "None of this clunkiness is fatal. Taken in isolation, every one of the problems with Win32 and .NET could be tolerated. But together, they greatly diminish the appeal of the platform."

    And it's not just third parties who suffer. It causes pains for Microsoft, too. The code isn't just incompatible and hideous on the outside; it's that passage on the inside, too. There's a lot of software for Windows, a lot of business-critical software, that's not maintained any more. And that software is usually buggy. It passes nasty parameters to API calls, uses remembrance that it has released, assumes that files live in particular hardcoded locations, sum sorts of things that it shouldn't do. If the OS changes underneath—to prohibit the reuse of freed memory, to more aggressively validate parameters, to stick more closely to the documentation without making extra assumptions or causing special side-effects—then these programs break.

    So Windows has sum sorts of bits of code which are there to provide compatibility with these broken applications. It's arduous for MS to maintain and fix this code, because it means the code no longer does what it's documented to do; it does that plus some other stuff. It's arduous to test, because there's no knowing exactly what broken things programs are going to try to do. And it makes things more expensive; Microsoft has all sorts of special behaviours it needs to preserve. This means that not only can it not originate the API better—it can't even easily originate the API's implementation better. It's sum too fragile.

    This gives ascend to particularly obtuse things enjoy the designation of the "system" folder, where sum the Windows libraries and programs are kept. In 16-bit Windows, it was called system. In 32-bit Windows, it was called system32. In 64-bit Windows it's called, er, system32 again. Because although there's an API summon that programs can originate to find out the designation of the folder, there are enough programs that don't bother using it and just blindly assume that it's called system32 (even when compiled as 64-bit) that it was better for backwards compatibility to leave it, even though it's chock complete of 64-bit files.

    32-bit files in rotate retreat into a directory named syswow64. Right, it has 64 in the name, because it contains 32-bit libraries. originate sense? Only in Redmond. sum these unusual behaviors and clumsy APIs that they've built up over the years hold just been plonked wholesale into 64-bit Windows. There's no escape from them.

    Beyond XP

    If MS wasn't going to provide nice clean APIs for sum the veteran stuff, there was at least some hope that they'd create an attractive and high-quality OS to succeed the (extremely successful) Windows XP. This is, after all, the other piece of the OS X equation. Apple has achieve together a noble platform to develop on and then gone to actually originate the most of what its operating system has to offer, by producing lofty trait applications that depend on the unique features that Mac OS X provides.

    Third-party applications very much appear to succeed suit. There might not be as much third-party software for Mac OS X as there is for Windows (a pleasing operating environment can only Do so much to mitigate a 3 percent market share), but the trait of the applications is a noteworthy deal better. Third-party developers on Mac OS X strive to originate applications that drudgery in a passage that's consistent with the OS itself, with first-party applications, and even with each other.

    These factors tend to reinforce each other. A noble API makes it easier to write high-quality applications. High-quality, first-party applications set the touchstone by which third-party apps are judged and ensure that users hold lofty expectations of the software they run. This in rotate means that there is much more competition among third parties to bear something that's noteworthy rather than merely acceptable. Regular updates to the OS champion developers on the upgrade treadmill; they drudgery to originate their applications apt in with the latest and greatest release, leveraging whatever modern bells and whistles it provides, further improving the software ecosystem.

    In the early stages of Microsoft's evolution of a successor to Windows XP, it looked enjoy the software side of things might hold taken a leap forward. Win32 would still be Win32, unfortunately, but the original XP successor (codenamed Longhorn) was going to provide a total raft of functionality built using .NET. This would be coupled with radical changes in Explorer and the Windows shell to provide something much slicker and better-looking than XP offered. Early in the evolution of Longhorn, they saw demos of a modern kindhearted of application; applications built using the modern Longhorn technology, with a consistent glimpse and feel.

    Except, as by now they sum know, Longhorn never made it. Some modern features were dropped completely, others were just scaled back, some were even ported to XP. Even when the underlying technology was kept, the good-looking, easy-to-write application evolution that was promoted never really materialized. Instead, what they got was Windows Vista.

    Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Enlarge / Windows Vista's Start menu and its integrated Search box. Andrew Cunningham Vista, Schmista

    With the ambitious Longhorn plans sitting in the trash, Microsoft produced a much more evolutionary OS. It has some lambent modern technology under the hood, but unfortunately most of this is invisible to anyone using the system. What they Do behold is an uninspiring mess.

    The apt and finish of Vista is astonishingly poor. With Vista's UI guidelines, Microsoft has tried to pick some things that MacOS has been doing forever and interject them to Windows. For example, dialog boxes in Windows hold traditionally been poorly designed, because their buttons are given generic labels enjoy "Yes" and "No," or "OK" and "Cancel," which means the entire message has to be read and understood for the buttons to originate sense. This is bad, because people generally don't read the message and just click a button at random.

    For example, if you try to near Notepad without saving your document, Windows used to ask, "Do you want to rescue the changes?" with buttons marked "Yes," "No," and "Cancel." Yes, No, and Cancel signify nothing on their own; you exigency to read the message to originate sense of them. In Vista's Notepad, in keeping with the modern UI guidelines, although the dialogue box still asks, "Do you want to rescue changes to Untitled?" the buttons are labeled "Save," "Don't save," and "Cancel." This is much better—the buttons now hold meaningful labels that whisper what they'll Do instead of generic text that could Do anything. It's only taken Microsoft 20 years to Get this right, but finally now it's done so.

    The UI guidelines certainly hold the birthright idea. But they then Get ignored. They Get ignored by Vista itself. They Get ignored by Microsoft's flagship applications enjoy Office. They Get ignored by third parties. The result is that the entire Windows Vista flavor feels mediocre. Pictures are worth a thousand words, they say, so let's pick a glimpse at Microsoft's flagship OS running its flagship softwareO_o

    Enlarge / O_o

    Except for one application (Visual Studio 2005) those are sum the current versions of currently-supported Microsoft software released in the terminal pair of years.

    None of them—not a sole one—works in the selfsame passage as any other. Only one of them (Notepad) uses the "native" built-in appearance (i.e. the one most easily available to third-party software). Many of them hold features in common—opening and saving files, typing words, editing properties—and yet anyhow they conspire to sum Do so differently. It is a total mess. These aren't just minor failures of consistency, either. The people liable for these applications hold deliberately chosen to give the platform's touchstone glimpse and feel the finger. That's nasty enough for standalone applications; it's even worse when some of those applications are piece of the platform itself.

    There isn't even any kindhearted of internal consistency. The Explorer Window and the IE window look, at first glance, to be similar; similar graphical style for the forward/back button, for example. But they're not. The spacing is different; the drop-down arrow in the IE window has more space around it than the counterpart in Explorer.

    Even when the selfsame nonstandard concept is used, it's done differently. Windows Live Messenger, Internet Explorer, and Windows Media Player sum hold a "hidden" menu bar. The menu bar is still there, just not visible by default. And each one of them exposes its menu bar in a different way, doing essentially the selfsame thing gratuitously differently. It might well be that getting rid of the menu bar is a noble idea—but there's no justification at sum for making them sum similar-but-different.

    Taken alone, these are sum fairly minor things. achieve together, the interface is just completely shambolic. It looks amateurish. The quirks of each modern interface hold to be erudite anew. This slap-dash approach to look-and-feel gives the print of a platform that no one really cares about. That selfsame contempt for norms and standards inflicts third-party applications. And, really, why shouldn't it? If Microsoft can't be bothered to originate Windows applications that feel enjoy Windows applications, why should anyone else retreat to the effort? And even if a developer does want to retreat to the effort, what's he meant to pick his cues from? Should he copy IE? WMP? Explorer? Notepad? Office? Visual Studio?

    To add insult to injury, it's wasteful. Explorer and IE may glimpse similar, but they're different codebases. The code to give that kindhearted of no-menu window with an address bar and a search box and this and that, it's not shared between the two. It might hold been at one time. But now it's not. So there's twice the evolution pains to create and maintain these applications. What could hold been done once now has to be done twice. And again for Word, and Outlook, and Visual Studio, and Visio, and Expression Blend. Each time I hold to learn a modern UI, some team at Microsoft had to write a modern UI and test a modern UI and maintain a modern UI. That's not a noble exercise of their time, when they could hold done it once.

    Mac OS X is by no means perfect in this regard, but it's nowhere near as bad. Applications enjoy the Finder and iTunes establish inescapable norms and conventions, and third-party applications Do a pretty noble job of following these (or adapting them to modern situations). There aren't OS X applications where the menu bar works totally differently. Apple hasn't produced a different UI style for each and every application. Sure, they Do hold more than one style—the "pro" apps (Aperture, FCP, etc.) exercise a darker scheme than balanced apps—but there's still an order of magnitude more consistency and coherence on OS X than on Windows. Apple cares about appearances and Apple provides tenacious GUI models to copy. The result? Third parties bear good-looking applications that drudgery enjoy the OS they run on. And accordingly, users claim that their applications conform to the overall glimpse and feel of the platform.

    The understanding must be that no one in Microsoft actually gives a damn. Each group develops their own UI widgets in their own style and they simply don't trust that it's a total mess. They don't trust that I hold to learn modern ways of doing the selfsame assignment just because they couldn't be bothered to Do things the selfsame passage as other applications. I'm not saying, for example, that they shouldn't hold introduced the ribbon concept in Office 2007, because it seems to drudgery pretty well, and I can believe that it really is a better UI model. But they should hold taken stock of what they were doing and made it a system-wide UI device. modern widgets and UI models Do crop up from time to time, but they should be rare, and when they Do appear, Microsoft should originate them general so that everyone can exercise them.

    Microsoft's continuous and repetitive reinvention of the wheel again just makes the assignment for third-party developers that much more unpleasant. Because even when a developer does want to originate something that "fits in," and even when that developer has picked a specific application to apt in with, MS still offers incompatible choices. pick the Office 2007 ribbon as an example. The ribbon is pretty cool, and it's obvious that third parties will want to exercise the ribbon themselves (even if it might not be the best apt for their application, but sadly there's not much that can be done about that). Unfortunately, the Office 2007 ribbon is piece of Office 2007. It's not a piece of Windows, it's instead built in to Office, and not usable for other software.

    Recognizing the gap in functionality here, a third-party developer produced its own ribbon-like kick that developers could embed into their programs to gain a ribbon user interface. Microsoft in rotate bought the third-party kick and is now distributing it to developers using the current version of Visual C++. Oh, yeah—it's only for C++ developers. No ribbon for .NET developers. So now MS has two ribbons; the Office code and modern one it bought in. That's frustrating enough—it would be better to Do the drudgery to achieve the Office 2007 ribbon into a nice shrimp library so the behavior would be identical—but it's tolerable.

    Here's the bit that blows the mind: Microsoft is going to develop another ribbon, this time as piece of Windows Seven. It won't be the Office one, and it won't be the Visual C++ one. It will be a modern one. And, oh, this one won't be .NET either. The confusion of UIs in Windows mirrors the confusion of evolution within Microsoft.

    A  confidential store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Enlarge / A confidential store front for many, just not (yet) Peter Bright. Steve Rhodes What about me?

    So where does that leave me? I want to write nice applications. I want to be able to concentrate on my own code rather than fighting the API the total time. I want my applications to apt in with the OS and drudgery in a passage that's consistent with first-party applications and even other third-party programs. I want this because I reflect it leads to better software; it means I can disburse my time creating innovative and useful software that people devour using. I really want to Do this, but you know what? On Windows it's just too damn hard.

    Microsoft has had noble opportunities to Do something about this, but they hold been systematically squandered through a combination of ineptitude, mismanagement, and slavish adherence to backwards compatibility. The disillusionment I feel is incredible. I devour writing programs, but I don't devour writing for Windows. And while once it made sense to stick with Windows, it just doesn't any more. There's now an attractive alternative: Mac OS X.

    This has been piece two of a three-part series. In piece three, I will glimpse at just how Microsoft got into this condition and what it might Do to regain Windows' position as the best computing platform going.

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