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650-294 TelePresence Video province Engineer for(R) Express

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650-294 exam Dumps Source : TelePresence Video province Engineer for(R) Express

Test Code : 650-294
Test designation : TelePresence Video province Engineer for(R) Express
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Cisco Cisco TelePresence Video Field

From theory to Multi-Billion dollar business: Cisco TelePresence Redefining the playing box | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Over six years in the past, i used to breathe asked to build and lead a Cisco crew to incubate current rising technologies that can generate $1 billion worth of revenue and permit Cisco to trap key market transitions, riding the community as a platform.  collectively, this entrepreneurial team investigated market trends and client needs and right away realized that video and greater chiefly video communications was going to breathe a game changer and seriously change continuously the style individuals talk and collaborate.  i saturate for to say: phrases carry which means; an image says a thousand words; but video says sum of it.

That turned into the delivery of a imaginative and prescient and theory called telepresence.  It’s about supplying a video adventure so intuitive, so practical and natural that it recreates an in-adult journey. nowadays, TelePresence is a smartly based market class, in a multi-billion dollar market where Cisco owns over 50% market share.  I suppose honored and privileged to had been fraction of this smack with the Cisco group.  they now contain completed a remarkable deal to breathe glad with and there is lots extra to dream and innovate.

What started as their smack to retailer shuttle charges and optimize worker productiveness for agencies global, has nowadays developed to accelerating time to market, increasing access to experts (affected person care, education and other expert far off services) and transforming how agencies result business.

Now that we’ve reached their 5-12 months milestone with Cisco TelePresence, it’s time to focus on the station their vision will engage us from here. Their device is basic: they are dedicated to making Cisco TelePresence available to each person, far and wide.

Sounds too ambitious? join us at a reside webcast on October 25 at 9:00 a.m. PT the station they can unveil the subsequent fraction in their evolution and redefine TelePresence.

Pre-register these days for the virtual Launch adventure/Ustream (Talk2Cisco).

Share:


CDW diagnosed as Cisco TelePresence Video grasp approved expertise provider associate | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

VERNON HILLS, ill.--(enterprise WIRE)--CDW announced nowadays that it has done TelePresence Video grasp approved expertise company (ATP) status from Cisco. This designation recognizes CDW, a Cisco Gold partner, as having fulfilled the working towards requirements and program must haves to promote, deploy and assist Cisco TelePresence Video items and solutions on the grasp level.

The Cisco TelePresence Video grasp ATP software gives a brand current manner of working in which each person, sum over can breathe extra productive via face-to-face collaboration over Cisco TelePresence Video options. A Cisco TelePresence Video master ATP accomplice has the gold touchstone depth of talents and skill in deploying the entire Cisco video endpoint portfolio, which comprises single- and triple-reveal Cisco TelePresence devices, customized TelePresence suites and infrastructure solutions. Cisco TelePresence Video master ATP partners possess profound networking and superior Cisco Unified Communications capabilities, regional to global insurance and a powerful and age functions apply.

“CDW is arrogant to add Cisco TelePresence Video grasp ATP accomplice to their Cisco master Certifications in unified communications, managed services and protection. here is a fabulous accomplishment in their business,” said Christine Holloway, vp of converged infrastructure solutions, CDW. “As attested through the eight Cisco colleague of the year awards they received earlier this 12 months, CDW has a a hit, lengthy-term partnership with Cisco that allows for us to invariably meet their clients’ precise know-how needs. They cost Cisco’s potential in telepresence, and are excited to work with their customers as they undertake this creative technology.”

“The Cisco TelePresence Video grasp ATP program is designed to permit companions to engage expertise of the great market opportunities forward – not simplest within the telepresence house however too in the typical collaboration market,” mentioned Richard McLeod, senior director of collaboration for international channels at Cisco. “As a Cisco TelePresence Video master ATP partner, CDW has made an funding within the earnings, technical and life cycle features capabilities necessary to bring the trade’s most finished and interoperable Cisco TelePresence Video portfolio.”

The Cisco authorized technology provider (ATP) software is fraction of the Cisco go-to-market strategy for emerging applied sciences. The application helps Cisco to define the expertise, talents and services that channel partners deserve to efficiently sell, install and help an emerging expertise. as the market changes, an ATP designation may well breathe discontinued or can too evolve into a Cisco specialization.

about the Cisco TelePresence and Video Collaboration answer

Cisco TelePresence® and Video collaboration options deliver life-like, high-definition, conferencing amenities with advanced audio and video, enabling members to fulfill their colleagues, purchasers and company companions throughout a virtual desk. participants can savor a equal-room assembly event, in spite of the fact that they are located in diverse places everywhere. contributors can additionally meet greater frequently and luxuriate in more productive sessions, assisting to enlarge enterprise interactions whereas probably building greater client relationships, accelerating earnings cycles, enhancing undertaking administration and forming tighter integration with far flung places of work.

About CDW

CDW is a number one issuer of know-how solutions for business, executive, training and healthcare. Ranked No. 32 on Forbes’ checklist of the us’s largest deepest agencies, CDW features committed account managers who assist shoppers select the right expertise products and services to satisfy their wants. The enterprise’s retort architects present potential in designing customized options, whereas its superior technology engineers assist shoppers with the implementation and lengthy-time term administration of those options. Areas of center of attention encompass software, network communications, notebooks/mobile contraptions, facts storage, video screens, computers, printers and solutions similar to virtualization, collaboration, protection, mobility, data core optimization and cloud computing. CDW turned into headquartered in 1984 and employs greater than 6,600 coworkers. For the trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2011, the traffic generated earnings of $9.4 billion. For greater guidance, search recommendation from CDW.com.

Cisco, the Cisco emblem and Cisco TelePresence are trademarks or registered logos of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and different countries. a list of Cisco's emblems can breathe found at www.cisco.com/go/trademarks.


Cisco's Telepresence Video Chat is anticipated for homes next Week | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

we now contain been hearing for a long time that Cisco changed into keen to obtain down with Joe Blow on the street, so it's not at sum astonishing to listen to that subsequent week they may breathe rumored to unveil a "affordable" domestic-telepresence product.

When they divulge inexpensive, they insinuate it may not cost a whole lot a couple of of their Flip camcorders, at round $200 sponsored. AllThingsD is listening to that at a press smack next Wednesday Cisco will launch the provider with both Comcast or Verizon, and that the unsubsidized rate might breathe across the $500 mark.

For years now Cisco has been demo-ing its telepresence know-how, which has been attainable to companies keen to video conference everywhere.

there's an glaring desire for Cisco to obtain this expertise into homes, but when Skype is already on many computer systems and TVs—for free—it should breathe a battle to convince Mums and Dads they should shell out a pair hundred notes for some thing that simplest in reality offers more desirable HD decision.

Sitting in entrance of a tv and video-chatting alas is rarely that much of a several attitude for Cisco. [AllThingsD]


650-294 TelePresence Video province Engineer for(R) Express

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From Gene Editing to A.I., How Will Technology Transform Humanity? | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

“A geneticist, an oncologist, a roboticist, a novelist and an A.I. researcher walk into a bar.” That could breathe the setup for a very unfavorable jest — or a tremendously fascinating conversation. Fortunately for us, it was the latter. On a blustery evening in late September, in a private room at a bar near Times Square, the magazine gathered five brilliant scientists and thinkers around a table for a three-hour dinner. In the (edited) transcript below — moderated by cost Jannot, a chronicle editor at the magazine and a former editor in chief of favorite Science — you can survey what they had to divulge about the future of medicine, health saturate and humanity.

MARK JANNOT: For years, many pregnant women contain undergone amniocentesis to test for rare metabolic disorders and other fetal issues. And couples who use in vitro fertilization can screen the embryos for genetic abnormalities. What sorts of advances in genetic screening and manipulation are coming, and where result you survey that taking us?

CATHERINE MOHR: When I was pregnant with my daughter, my husband and I were joking, “Well, if she gets the best of both of us, she’ll breathe a superhero, and if she gets the worst of both of us, she’s not going to build it out of first grade.” And so they were rolling the genetic dice, which you result when you select to contain a child. It’s not totally random, of course; there’s sum kinds of remarkable things about your mate — that’s why you chose them — and hopefully there’s some pretty profitable things about you, too. But the temptation to engineer what you contemplate of as the best combination, as they become more capable of doing it, I contemplate it’s going to breathe irresistible for a lot of people. You’re investing so much of your life into this dinky being, and you’re going to saturate for this child, and you want to give them every edge in life. They are already screening for diseases to avoid passing on their “bad” genes, but this very technology will let us start screening for their “best” genes — the ones they really want to pass on. As screening becomes cheaper, easier and more reliable, and more people are using assisted-reproductive technologies, I survey us, as a society, sliding down that slippery slope pretty far, one couple at a time, each trying to result what’s best for the child they are hoping to bring into the world.

SIDDHARTHA MUKHERJEE: It’s certainly a tempting path, toward a potentially terrifying slope. But that only works if you result in vitro fertilization and create a pool of testable embryos. Then you contain to biopsy those embryos-in-dishes, sequence their genes, identify and interpret the gene variants that you want to select (Variant A and B and C and D) and implant the “desirable” ones.

GEORGE CHURCH: Or they may swirl to gene editing. If, for example, you contain a dominant-allele disorder, fancy Huntington’s disease or Marfan syndrome, and you want to contain children, you could edit the sperm, change that allele so that sum sperm are healthy and your offspring will breathe fine. sum sperm achieve from spermatogonial originate cells in the man’s testes. You can use editing tools and work on originate cells in Petri dishes so that you’re removing the unfavorable allele and replacing it with DNA that has been designed and synthesized on computer-controlled machines. And then you can implant a unadulterated population in which you’ve checked that the edit is what you wanted it to be, with sum cells with only the desired “on target” changes. This has been done in mice. It’s a remarkable opportunity. It’s only one time, and they’re profitable for life. In principle.

JANNOT: And why is that not being done now?

CHURCH: Until recently, they didn’t contain profitable methods for doing gene therapy that they could apply to editing originate cells, sperm cells.

JENNIFER EGAN: How difficult is it to edit genes?

MUKHERJEE: Well, that’s one of the surprises, is how extraordinarily smooth it is. There are soundless technical challenges, and some of them may breathe difficult to surmount, but the protocol is quite simple. They recently edited a gene in human blood originate cells to enable therapy for some forms of leukemia. We’ve sequenced the genomes of the edited cells and contain not found a sole “off target” result thus far, although they are soundless looking. For other genes, off-target effects contain been reported, so it seems that it’s case dependent. But over all, the allegiance of the system seems quite remarkable.

CHURCH: At this point, there’s nothing published in the literature demonstrating successful editing of human sperm originate cells, the germline. But if you want to edit the DNA of, say, pigs, it’s very smooth with Crispr, which is a set of editing tools that uses enzymes, guided by RNA and proteins, to build a change at a precise location in your DNA. You’re injecting a minute thing in that changes as dinky as one foundation pair out of six billion, in each cell. So it’s nanosurgery — very precise and automatically in many cells at once.

MUKHERJEE: It’s fancy taking a massive encyclopedia and saying: waddle to Volume 7, Section 8, Page 240, Paragraph 5, and change the word “this” to the word “that.” I’m simplifying, of course.

MOHR: And to use your encyclopedia analogy, everyone who is unlucky enough to contain their edition of the encyclopedia printed with “this” gets sickle-cell anemia, and everyone whose edition has “that” doesn’t. But, George, while you are epigram they can’t quite result gene editing of the germline cells for producing genetic-disease-free children, editing genes in the adult — gene therapies aimed at altering sum of the age cells in an already-formed organ or a cancer — you’re epigram that’s closer?

CHURCH: Some gene therapies involve adding missing genes, others involve subtracting toxic versions of genes and some involve precise editing. And yes, it’s getting closer; there are some gene therapies that are already approved for human use.

MUKHERJEE: At least one that is approved is for retina diseases. Not gene editing — changing the aboriginal genes in the genome — but introducing current genetic material into human cells. That’s because introducing viruses carrying current genetic material into the eye is easier. You can inject viruses because the immune system does not appear to breathe as active in the retina, and the injected virus doesn’t spread sum over the body.

But the ones that involve gene editing are on their way, they’re in the pipeline. There’s a lab at Stanford that’s doing gene editing on blood originate cells for sickle-cell disease. Then you can transplant those blood cells and supplant the diseased cells, and the sickle-cell disease should breathe cured. We’ll obtain cozy with it, and by comfort I weigh in not just becoming cozy with technically how to result it, but realizing it doesn’t sum of a sudden understanding some horrible cancer, or some terrible disease, which, if you search information from me, I contemplate is quite unlikely. But at some point the conclusion will achieve down to the F.D.A. and other organizations; they’ll contain to say, let’s waddle forward. Bottom line, their capacity to become more cozy with the consequences of gene editing will achieve from diseases where the stakes, as it were, are more simple and higher — especially with a disease fancy acute myeloid leukemia, where there’s an extremely towering mortality rate — and then we’ll backtrack their passage into reproductive technology.

CHURCH: I contemplate it’s more likely we’ll breathe using gene therapy first in childhood diseases, based on the realization that many diseases build permanent damage by the time the child is born. fancy blindness, for case — if you don’t remedy it very early in life, you can “cure” blindness in the sense that they can survey photons, but they can’t really process them into an image.

MOHR: Blindness is an provocative one in this context. It isn’t life-threatening fancy the leukemias Sid was talking about, but the problem is an absence of function, which seems in some ways less risky to tackle. If you fail trying to fix it, you haven’t made it worse — the person is soundless blind — but if you result succeed, there is only upside. I can imagine these are the kinds of deficits we’d breathe most keen to try to address because of the passage they as people contemplate about risk: We’re O.K. with risking that things will obtain better, but not too glad doing it when there is a casual they’ll obtain worse.

CHURCH: Then there are the diseases that won’t influence people until late in life, but they could breathe treated with gene therapy very early in life. This may breathe the case with Alzheimer’s. They already know that the alleles that are highly associated with Alzheimer’s are something called APP, for early-stage Alzheimer’s, and the ApoE e4 variant, for late-stage. They could change them in the sperm cell to an allele that already exists in the population. And you’re changing it essentially 100 percent because it’s going through this bottleneck of a sole originate cell. And you’re not trying to change it to a gene that no one’s ever tested before; it’s a gene that’s been “tested” millions of times in the millions of people in whom it occurs naturally.

MOHR: So, in the very passage that a woman might engage folate before and during pregnancy to preclude neural tube defects in the fetus, you’d contain your colleague engage the gene therapy to result some allele substitution. “O.K., honey, I saturate for a lot about you, but we’re going to need to edit out that cystic fibrosis variant and tweak those Alzheimer’s alleles of yours before they start thinking about kids.”

EGAN: Speaking as someone who is terrified of Alzheimer’s, engineering it away is an appealing prospect. But I wonder: Who exactly would contain access to this technology? Even basic reproductive technologies fancy I.V.F. are expensive, so less workable for destitute people. One unintended consequence, it seems to me, could breathe a minute number of extremely healthy genetically engineered elites and a great and comparatively ill and genetically challenged underclass.

CHURCH: But sum of these technologies are constantly getting cheaper — view at what happened with the cost of sequencing the genome, from billions when they first did it to a few hundred dollars today. I contemplate these therapies would finish up similar to preventive medicines fancy vaccines. Vaccines are enhancement relative to their ancestors, and they’ve been able to breathe made ubiquitous. Their ancestors lived in mortal terror of sum these diseases, and they just engage it for granted that we’re immune to them.

EGAN: I’m struck by the tremendous assurance with which you talk about these things, almost as if they had already happened. You’re thinking forward to a point when sum of this will breathe a matter of course, but I’m soundless back at the point where it sum sounds so speculative. I find myself thinking, Whoa, what about operator error? I mean, nothing technical works simply or perfectly, ever. And yet so much of what they engage for granted now — flying in airplanes, for case — would contain struck me as equally hubristic in the planning stages. And of course it is catastrophic when a plane crashes, but that’s an extreme rarity.

REGINA BARZILAY: We’re working with a knotty system that they are only genesis to understand today. It’s well known from selective breeding of domestic animals that selecting for one target trait often brings along many other undesirable and often unexpected traits. Let’s divulge you guys identified a genetic fix to a problem. How likely is it that changing “this” to “that,” following your analogy, is going to bring some other, unexpected side effects that they cannot control?

CHURCH: Well, in some of these things, you’re literally changing a gene to what is healthy. For instance, in the case of sickle cell, changing a particular gene variant to what everybody else has is probably pretty safe as long as you can breathe certain that’s what’s actually happening. So the probability of unexpected consequences seems quite low. Once they waddle forward, as they obtain more and more confidence, they will start taking bigger and bigger steps; then they might finish up with something that has unintended consequences. You know, eliminating smallpox from the entire world could contain had negative consequences. They rolled the dice and figured that they could back up if there were some problem. To contemplate that genetics is irreversible is no more likely than that eradicating smallpox is irreversible.

JANNOT: What are the most provocative applications for A.I. in medicine right now?

BARZILAY: This is a remarkable question. Companies fancy Google and Facebook track every action you engage online and use that to build a model of your preferences. They then use this model to personalize the complete user experience, the content you see, the products they recommend to you, the advertisements they reveal you. In some ways they know more about you than you know about yourself. But if you waddle to any clinic, for cancer, heart disease, you designation it — there is no A.I.

I erudite this in a very personal way. When I was 43, I went in for a routine mammogram, and sum of a sudden I was diagnosed with breast cancer. This was a stout shock because, to the best of my knowledge, nobody in my family had ever been diagnosed with cancer. At every point in my treatment, I had many more questions than my doctors had answers to. I recall I did my mammogram, and they said, “Your cancer is really tiny.” I said “Great!” Then they went to M.R.I., and suddenly they survey cancer sum over. Then they did a biopsy, and they discovered it’s actually small; the M.R.I. was a mistaken positive. How can they contain this high-resolution M.R.I. modality and soundless not know that this is a mistaken positive?

For me as a computer scientist working in ersatz intelligence, it seemed obvious to train a machine to build these kinds of predictions. If you view at what was happening in computer vision, A.I. systems could already identify very subtle distinctions between images, at a smooth of detail that’s difficult for the human eye to differentiate. Why result people need to undergo unnecessary procedures and live with months of mistrust while the technology that can fully resolve the situation already exists?

And this was just one of many steps in the treatment pipeline where I saw how ersatz intelligence could transform cancer diagnosis and treatment. As an A.I. researcher, I was stunned to survey sum these opportunities to wait on patients squandered. From a patient’s perspective, it felt cruel. We’re talking about well-understood technology commercially deployed in other industries, not brand-new research. And this is a common trend. It doesn’t matter what your disease is; today, A.I. is not yet fraction of clinical treatment.

MOHR: This is a problem that really affects providers too — patients’ medical data are kept in sum of these sunder systems, so it’s difficult to obtain sum the data about even one patient if there are multiple doctors involved in the care, let lonely being able to compare the data on many different patients. It evolved this passage because they used to contain paper records with narrative descriptions of each patient’s condition, and their privacy laws never anticipated the tools they would contain today — and what they could result with the data.

JANNOT: So what needs to happen?

MOHR: Revamping their practices and regulations around medical data while maintaining individual privacy will breathe essential both for patients fancy Regina and for A.I. researchers fancy Regina. It’s likely to breathe slow, but it is starting.

BARZILAY: For my part, when I finally came back to my work at M.I.T., my smack as a cancer patient had totally changed my perspective, and I could not just waddle back to my musty research. I started asking: What is the best passage to disburse my time, my mental energy? I could not forget the suffering and pang I saw in the hospital. I wanted to use data to provide answers now. It took me a while to find like-minded clinical collaborators and zoom in on specific questions that were meaningful to me but too could breathe implemented in the clinic.

Ultimately that brought me to two areas. One of them relates to something very basic in clinical research — extracting apropos information from patients’ electronic records. Even though every hospital sits on a gold mine of data, it’s severely underutilized by saturate providers and clinical researchers, because the records are mostly in text. Unless they’re specifically trained, machines cannot read these stories; they anticipate a database where information is properly structured. And so, today, if you as a patient want to know how patients fancy yourself responded to treatment in your hospital, you can’t find the answer. Even in the most prestigious journals, almost sum the studies that use past patient data result that data extraction by hand, which is expensive and gradual and dramatically limits the scope of these studies.

In my core province of research, natural language processing, we’ve developed lots of tools that can automate this task. And so they applied those tools to create a database of more than 100,000 patients with breast disease from Massachusetts common and other colleague hospitals that spans decades. Now with one simple query you can find a cohort of patients with the very disease features and study it over time.

Another thing I’m working on relates to reading mammograms. Today the risk models used in clinical exercise are very imprecise. Their competence to prognosticate who is going to obtain cancer is very, very low. Their persuasion was to let the machine algorithm view for patterns in the raw mammographic image: If it looks at the mammogram, from five years earlier, of a woman who went on to develop cancer, can it detect patterns?

The first step was to work with Connie Lehman, head of breast-cancer radiology at M.G.H., to use radiologists’ best judgment to train the model. And that did better the predictive results, but they felt that it didn’t fully achieve the goal. They wanted the machine to utilize sum the information in the image, not just the things that radiologists are trained to spot as disease markers. They trained the machine to view at the whole image, and they fed in sum the data about outcomes, and they said: What is the likelihood that this person is going to obtain cancer in a certain time? This system worked way, passage better than any risk models currently in clinical practice.

We are now thinking of expanding their work to prescreen for lung and pancreatic cancer. Imagine how it can change the game if these diseases, which are now diagnosed late, when they are largely uncurable, could breathe detected early — how many lives can breathe saved. That is the passage that A.I. can transform medicine. It will identify patterns far too subtle for humans to identify.

MOHR: Regina is talking about a very specific benign of A.I. — machine learning and natural language processing, rather than what they contemplate of in favorite culture, robots in the movies who walk and talk and crack jokes. We’ll contain lots of ravishing analysis capability fancy Regina is talking about long before they contain C-3PO.

In surgery, we’re too starting to use the very sorts of tools that Regina is applying to radiology images and natural language analysis of medical records, but we’re doing it with surgical videos and data from operations, data that they can readily harvest from surgical robots. These are machines that surgeons operate as extensions of themselves, enabling them to perform extremely delicate surgeries, through minute incisions, and watch what’s going on inside the patient’s carcass via a video feed. They can actually survey better than if they had reduce the patient open. And the machine records every movement made and captures that video of the operation.

It is exotic how much a trained human can narrate from just looking at a sole frame of a surgical procedure. A well-trained surgical resident can walk into an operating room where a surgery is underway, and can glance up and with one view at the screen know what benign of procedure it is, what step you are at in the procedure — they know what’s going to befall next, and they can narrate if it’s going well or not, using clues fancy if you’ve got a lot of blood in the field, or from looking at the carcass language of sum the people in the operating room. Is the surgeon stressed out? Has the music been turned down? Are people soundless talking? What are they saying? There’s sum kinds of clues.

We can use the data in those videos, use machine learning and natural language processing to train an A.I. to breathe able to pick up on sum these very clues and to breathe able recognize the very things the resident can, and then ideally to breathe able to wait on you with what might breathe the best next step. It would breathe fancy providing every surgeon with the faultless surgical resident.

To achieve this, it isn’t just recognizing what is in the picture or the sounds; these algorithms need to understand the context, where you are in the procedure, what’s going to befall and what should ordinarily befall next. To result sum that, they need to train them on a lot of data, looking at how a thousand different surgeons result exactly that very step, and what best practices are, and maybe clustered into five different styles of doing this particular surgery so you can narrate which step to recommend next. The key is that by turning surgery into data, they can now start to use these remarkably powerful machine-learning tools to anatomize and learn from these data. But first you need data. We’re lucky with their robots, but in many areas of medicine it is difficult to obtain your hands on the benign of data you need.

JANNOT: So, George, as you mentioned earlier, we’ve seen exponential decreases in the cost of sequencing a genome. I imagine cheap genome sequencing leads to ubiquitous genome sequencing, which leads to a superabundant current stream of data to plumb for insights and current health advances.

CHURCH: That’s right. We’ve gone from it costing almost $3 billion for a clinically unacceptable genome in 2004 to less than $1,000 in 2015 for a high-quality genome that precisely analyzes the DNA you inherited from your mother and father. I just started a company called Nebula Genomics, whose purpose is to build it zero dollars or less. At this point everyone should breathe getting paid to sequence their genomes. Because the system could rescue something on the order of a million dollars every time they rescue a sole child from a rare genetic disease. That million dollars should then breathe spread out to sum people who participated, including the 95 percent of people who didn’t obtain any unfavorable news.

MUKHERJEE: In terms of what will drive future advances, there is the whole aspect of the genome, and then there’s the whole aspect of what people contain called the phenome — things that they do, things that they express, environmental things that befall to us, how they interact with the environment. Both are data sets. One of them is now a highly accessible data set, and with Nebula it will become a zero-dollar data set. The other one is not a zero-dollar data set, yet. But very soon you can imagine carrying some benign of GoPro, in which data becomes so cheap that you can start really monitoring that second data set, what you do, what you eat, whether you run, how much you run, the number of Fitbit steps, etc. Imagine the density of individuated information that comes from sum this.

One implication is that 25, 50, 250 years from now, they become a benign of clinical-trial society in which empirically driven decisions are constantly popping up. But by clinical-trial society, I weigh in sum sorts of questions, because the information net becomes so affluent — and the capacity to understand or deconvolute that information, because of computational power and because of A.I.-dependent algorithms, becomes so affluent — that they start to subject aspects of human behavior, human selves, that were previously considered outside the realm of assessment to a benign of deeper clinical assessment.

MOHR: The natural extension of that is, they contain some benign of personal doomsday clock. And each action that they engage is either extending it or decrementing it. So, I establish something unfavorable in my mouth and I start to eat it, and I survey that that dropped my doomsday clock a dinky bit. I waddle out for a press and survey that it bumps my doomsday clock up a dinky bit — I can survey the immediate projected result of sum of the actions I take. If they could measure sum of those things, people would breathe carrying their doomsday-clock algorithms around.

EGAN: What about privacy? If every fact about my carcass can breathe known, and if my knowledge of those facts depends on corporations helping me to track and measure the data, I will not breathe able to control whose hands that information falls into. As to what they result and contemplate and express, convivial media is already quantifying their behavior, in exchange for giving us a platform and access. They pay a cost for opening ourselves to corporate data systems in exchange for information; ultimately, anyone will breathe able to know anything about anyone, and that’s a vulnerability.

MOHR: Privacy is at the heart of the problem around availability of medical data for training the machine-learning algorithms that they were talking about earlier. Those of us who view at the data and survey sum the profitable it could result contain a difficult time imagining hurting people with that very data, and yet the possibility exists that the very things that discipline us how to wait on people who contain a condition will allow others to discriminate against them or victimize them because of that condition. These are difficult problems, but they should try to figure out how to obtain the greatest societal profitable out of this data without putting those who donate it at risk — the profit to us sum is so potentially great. To demure away from it because it is “hard to do” has victims, too — someone who dies when they didn’t know how to wait on them, knowledge that would contain been available if they had been able to pool their data — that person is worth figuring out how to save. We’re already figuring this out first in the diseases fancy cancer because patients are very motivated to partake their data.

MUKHERJEE: Yes, and it begins to raise the question of too much information. With cancer they are already micromonitoring through blood tests, visual tests, etc. The crucial bar that they contain to cross, for cancer, is whether those tests actually contain an impact on saving lives or not. Ultimately the question is whether they finish up detecting cancers that are clinically relevant, invasive, aggressive, likely to execute you — or will they breathe detecting thousands of cancers that aren’t actually apropos and won’t execute you and understanding sum sorts of economic consequences. This phenomenon is called “overdiagnosis,” and it’s a actual concern among those who create cancer-detection tests. My persuasion is that they will eventually find ways to discriminate one from the other. But there are people who are skeptics in the province who feel that they will breathe overrun with useless information.

MOHR: It’s sum about feedback loops. If you’re trying to control something and you want a specific outcome, you want to breathe measuring continuously, and measuring in a passage that allows you to immediately narrate the effects of each thing you do, because the thing you’re trying to change is behavior. They can already result continuous glucose monitoring with a patch that just pierces the skin.

CHURCH: You might even contain an inside/outside thing, where the skin is intact, but you’ve got something on the inside that’s communicating.

MOHR: Well, in Sweden people are having RFID chips implanted in their skin so that they can pay, just with this thing in their skin. fancy Apple Pay.

CHURCH: It’s probably less invasive than tattooing.

JANNOT: What will it weigh in if we’re going through their life getting constant feedback about their bodies now, their bodies in the future?

EGAN: I can only retort that as a fiction writer, because as a person, I don’t live that passage and I don’t want to. Because I’m not a scientist, I’m interested in these things as they pertain to human inner life. And I achieve at it as someone who is uninterested in machines for their own sake. I contemplate they’re dull.

MOHR: For what it’s worth, I don’t contemplate Jenny needs to breathe interested in her data for the monitoring of it to breathe useful to her at some point. They monitor their electricity use continuously. How often result you view at your electricity meter? You never view at it. Unless you obtain an unusually towering bill, or something flags it. Then you’re glad it was being measured.

MUKHERJEE: I anticipate that those who are well won’t look, but the ill will look. And the ill could breathe not just the physically ill; they could breathe the anxious, could breathe the mentally ill, could breathe those of us who contain anxieties about their children, their futures, could breathe societies that are in peril.

JANNOT: What’s this going to result to hypochondria?

MOHR: Yeah, that could breathe a problem. Imagine your carcass giving you “likes” from your measured parameters. Hypochondriacs would breathe fancy social-media addicts. Or maybe they’d just become extreme optimizers.

EGAN: There’s a paranoid vision that comes right alongside it, which is: “There’s a machine inside me doing something, and I contain to obtain rid of it.” It doesn’t matter if a machine is there or not, that possibility is going to live in the minds of people who contemplate that way.

BARZILAY: But would you obtain it implanted if you didn’t want it?

EGAN: You might terror that someone else had implanted it in you. During the world wars, people sum over the world worried that German spies were hidden around them. Imagine what it might breathe fancy to terror something that may breathe inside you. contemplate about how telecommunications technology has saturated their inner lives — their hyperemphasis on the visual, the curating and parade of daily life, the constant monitoring of others. In the end, the technology seeps into their private experience. So when I contemplate of someone installing a device inside his or her carcass to pay bills, I’m appalled. But as a fiction writer, I’m ecstatic.

JANNOT: So, let’s divulge that sum this stuff works. They contain a lot of monitoring, they contain a lot of remarkable data — what’s the goal of it all?

MOHR: If I contemplate about my goals for myself, it leads into why I contain chosen this particular mission for my career — why everyone at this table has chosen to delve as deeply into the things they result — it’s about improving the human condition, and also, not incidentally, making the science better for when they and their loved ones need it. It’s why I build minimally invasive surgical tools. This is too why I sustain up to date on my screening tests and contemplate about better ways of monitoring the body: If at some point I obtain cancer, I want it to breathe Stage 1, and I’d fancy a surgical excision to breathe a cure in that situation, and I want a tiny incision. Using monitoring and technology to result minute course corrections, rather than needing to result salvage when they are too far along in an illness.

CHURCH: When it comes to how they contemplate about changing aging from their current normal, there are two major strategies here: One is extending longevity, and the other is aging reversal. The problem with longevity extension is, if you’re not careful, you extend some of the weaker years of your life, which is not what they want. Aging reversal on the other hand sounds a dinky more speculative, but there are several examples demonstrated in mice where you can revert musty adult cells to embryonic stage by using a transcription factor to regulate certain genes. Another understanding to result aging reversal rather than longevity is that it’s difficult to obtain funding for a long tribulation of a longevity drug, even for a veterinary drug, because if you divulge it’s going to extend a dog’s life by 10 years, that’s a 10-year clinical trial. If you divulge that within five weeks it’s going to build them stronger and more resistant to injury, then that’s a five-week experiment.

MUKHERJEE: In terms of longevity, the diseases that are most likely to execute us are neurological diseases and heart disease and cancer. In some other countries, there is tuberculosis and malaria and other infectious diseases, but here it’s the inveterate diseases that dominate. There are three ways to contemplate about these inveterate diseases. One is the disease-specific way. So, you assail Alzheimer’s as Alzheimer’s; you assail cancer as cancer. The second one is that you forget about the disease-specific manners of attacking diseases and you assail longevity or aging reversal in general. You change diet, change genes, change whatever else — they might convoke them “trans factors,” which would simply override the “cis factors” that existed for individual diseases. And the third option is some combination of that and some digital figure of immortality, which is that you record yourself forever, that you clone yourself and quasi pass along that recording. Which is to divulge that the carcass is just a repository of memories, images, times. And as a repository, there’s nothing special about it. The carcass per se, the mortal coil, is just a coil.

EGAN: I feel of two minds about longevity; on one hand, I want to live to breathe very, very old, partly because I had kids on the late side and I want to know their children as my mother — who had me at 24 — has known mine. But taking a step back, the mass possibility of extreme longevity has a selfish, devouring aspect. I mean, we’re taxing the planet so difficult as it is, the least they can result is not hang around forever!

JANNOT: And will they really want to? I mean, I realize this is a fanciful question, but if this sum works in, say, 25 years, will they breathe happier, will they contain less sorrow in their society?

EGAN: I don’t know, because they already confront so much less death than people did, say, before antibiotics. But does having fewer of those losses really build us happier?

CHURCH: After de-aging — or as fraction of it — they may set happiness itself as a goal. They contain clearly set as goals simple measures fancy lowering cholesterol, but we’re just genesis to study genetically engineering behavioral phenomena related to happiness.

MOHR: I’m not certain they really understand enough about sorrow and contentment to know. There was a bespeak on people in extreme and terrible environments fancy concentration camps, and then too on people’s just common malaise. The goals were looking at what were the characteristics of people who were psychologically resistant to tragedy. And what seemed to breathe most necessary were meaning, mastery and autonomy — feeling that there is some benign of acceptation associated with things you do, working toward the acquisition of current skills and the competence to build choices for yourself. When you’ve got those three things, you are more resistant to tragedy. Maybe that is the furtive to contentment.

MUKHERJEE: But if machines are doing sum the work, then we’ll contain not a thing of those things. They won’t contain mastery, they won’t contain meaning, they won’t contain autonomy.

MOHR: But we’ll contain technique — technique and mastery-oriented things fancy learning musical instruments.

CHURCH: But their future selves may not deem that rewarding — if their musical instrument is worse than the machine’s musical instrument, their chess worse than the machine’s chess. If their mastery is lower, acceptation is lower, because what does it weigh in to breathe able to breathe a destitute imitation of a machine?

EGAN: Maybe a machine will breathe able to play the cello better than a human, but they waddle to the philharmonic to hear Yo-Yo Ma. Humans are more provocative than machines, unostentatious and simple.

MOHR: laughable you mention cello, because that is the instrument I play. There are plenty of people, and even probably some machines, who can play the cello better than I do, but that doesn’t engage acceptation away. I saturate for the feeling of progression as I attain mastery — the beauty or the frustration in the moment. And it is my altenative to sustain trying — to sustain creating. I contemplate there is soundless remarkable potential for humans to devour their lives in the time after menial work is done by machines.

BARZILAY: I actually believe that machines can wait on us achieve their goals better than they can result on their own. They are already using technology to expand their cognitive capacity — for instance, with machine translation they can read documents in foreign languages that they don’t know. Why can’t they expand this cognitive assistance to happiness? Happiness means different things to different people, but it is often linked to specific behaviors. Machines contain immense capacity to recall their actions and prognosticate their future behavior. This gives them the capacity to wait on us modify their conduct so they become their better selves. In my case, a simple heart-monitoring app changed the frequency and intensity of my running. The app gives points for achieving certain fitness goals. When I first saw it, I just laughed and thought, Who can breathe motivated by these silly rewards? But guess what? Every morning at 5 a.m., I am running. Rain, M.I.T. deadlines, sleepiness — nothing stops me from getting my running points. And this change in my life has really made me happier.

MOHR: Exactly! You contain clearly found purpose in getting better at running, and even though a car could drive you faster, that isn’t the point at all. But both of their examples need bodies. Sid, in your vision of the uploaded consciousness, you’re assuming that the carcass wears out but the intellect can persist. I prodigy if there isn’t another ceiling beyond that in which the consciousness no longer wants to breathe conscious. result you obtain immortality by uploading and then you feel this horrible sense of eternal ennui because you were uploaded and can no longer decide to learn to play the cello or waddle running along the Charles River?

MUKHERJEE: You’re stuck being conscious.

EGAN: I contemplate we’re forgetting a basic veracity about human life: Transience is what makes it precious. The inevitability of death infuses their lives with acceptation and urgency. difficult to imagine sustaining those qualities in an eternally uploaded consciousness. You’re left with just sensation. I’m not certain that’s a gain in the end.

CHURCH: Well, if you contain simple aging reversal, so you actually feel like, I changed from being 64 to being 24 — I can result everything I could result when I was 24 plus I contain the smack of being older, and the open-ended explorations ahead of reading and writing their universe — I doubt that I’m going to contain a staid case of ennui.

MOHR: You could even engage up the cello.


How Telerobotics Can Reshape Their Workspace | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Peter Hirst Contributor

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At a conference terminal October, I encountered a fascinating “creature” named AVA that I mentioned in a blog post shortly afterwards.

Though extraordinarily helpful in keeping a conversation going with another conference attendee, AVA was not a person. She (or perhaps I should divulge “it”) was a telepresence-enabled robot that made it workable for an Internet of Things World Forum participant to attend the conference in Chicago while remaining physically in Germany.

Seeing AVA made a strong stamp on me. So much so that earlier this year I ordered a similar robot to survey if they could enable their team at the MIT Sloan School of Management’s Office of Executive Education to work remotely without missing out on more convivial aspects of work-life in the office.

We already were using the accustomed array of remote working technologies—chat, video conferencing, the ubiquitous email, and even virtual-reality avatars—but I was noticing that teammates who work mostly or entirely remotely seemed soundless to breathe at a disadvantage. It is too smooth to forget the person on the phone in the middle of the conference table, or even waving frantically at you from the stout screen at the finish of the room, and those people certainly result not profit from sum the side conversations or spontaneity of being able to drop into a colleague’s office for a chat.

In contrast, they are finding that the telepresence robots (we now contain three of them for an office of 35 staff) give their remote colleagues a smooth of human date that helps us to work well together.

Our robot is essentially an iPad on wheels that a remote user can operate and steer around the building using a web browser or iPhone App. They can drive themselves into a conference room or to another person’s office, for instance, or even to a water cooler or lunch table. The remote user gets an eye-level view of the people they are engaging with, and their more or less life-size visage is at eye smooth for us too. This way, they contain found, they can breathe fraction of conversations in a much more natural and organic way.

We contain too started to experiment with the telepresence robots as a passage to attend executive education programs, to give participants who are unable to breathe there in person the competence to engage fraction in the learning smack in a more meaningful passage than a traditional video link or webcast. They soundless believe very strongly, of course, in the power of getting together in person, but when that is not workable or practical, telepresence robots appear to breathe a viable alternative.

Space Tech Moves Closer To Home

Telepresence robots are an case of the much broader province of telerobotics, an region of engineering that has been affecting steadily away from science fiction into their everyday lives. Telerobots, simply, are robots that are controlled by people to perform tasks remotely. fancy many technologies that they engage for granted today, telerobotics got its start (and early R&D funding) in the space exploration and military fields. For example, Curiosity rover made it workable for NASA researchers to collect data on the surface of Mars. And they are now sadly confidential with the image of remote controlled robots being used to defuse improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

Another case that started with a defense application and spawned major scientific, educational and commercial outcomes was pioneered by the legendary deep-sea explorer Dr. Robert Ballard from Woods hollow Oceanographic Institution. He famously used remotely operated submarines in his discovery of the Titanic’s wreck and many other notorious shipwrecks. Today, WHOI scientists are using robots to virtually connect classrooms with underwater expeditions in actual time, so that students can smack the excitement of exploration and discovery first-hand.

Autonomous underwater vehicle Sentry

Autonomous underwater vehicle Sentry

Telepresence robots are being used in a wide variety of other applications ranging from medicine to toxic squander cleanup to technique installations. In hard-to-reach communities in Canada, a telerobot named Zeus serves as the eyes and hands of Dr. Mehran Anvari who performs surgeries remotely from St Joseph’s Hospital in Hamilton, Ontario.

As of terminal year, Dr. Anvari has conducted over 20 operations using telecommunications, robotics, and skilled nurses on site. “It’s the very as if I were sitting in the operating room,” he told the BBC. “I contain both my hands on the robot the very passage I would contain instruments in both hands.”

Closer to home, researchers from MIT’s Department of Mechanical Engineering contain built a bipedal robot named HERMES that has human split-second reflexes, allowing it to poise while performing knotty tasks. The engineers envision HERMES being very useful at disaster sites and other hazardous environments, with its precise movements controlled by a remote human operator.

HERMES punches through drywall while keeping its balance, guided by a human operator.

HERMES punches through drywall while keeping its balance, guided by a human operator.

Telerobotics, Telecommuting and Accessibility

These and countless other examples of people using robots to perform work remotely made me prodigy how tremendously useful this could breathe for making more workplaces accessible to people with physical disabilities. It’s necessary to note the dissimilarity between telepresence and telecommuting, which has been a favorite option for people with mobility challenges.

A growing trend in many industries, telecommuting is actively promoted by organizations that wait on people with disabilities find meaningful employment. work Without Limits, a Massachusetts network of engaged employers and innovative, collaborative partners that aims to enlarge employment among individuals with disabilities, cites telecommuting as a highly useful instrument for employers interested in making their workplaces more accessible. I wrote about their date with this fine organization in a previous post.

However, telecommuting has recently achieve under legal scrutiny as a “reasonable accommodation” per the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Just fancy the Ford Motor Company that was the beneficiary of the Sixth Circuit Court conclusion when it reversed its previous persuasion to grant telecommuting as “reasonable accommodation” to a disabled employee, many employers are resistant to telecommuting, insisting that work tasks need to breathe performed visage to face.

Perhaps telepresence robots could wait on solve that problem by allowing employees to engage with colleagues, vendors, or customers not only in actual time, but too visage to visage (via robot), and breathe able to “move around” an office or a manufacturing floor?

Regardless, I hope that more enlightened employers will survey the merit of expanding their mindset beyond “reasonable accommodation” and into “enabled workplace” for everyone.

In the future, no doubt more advanced assistive technologies, prosthetics, “bionics,” current therapies, and the fancy being developed at MIT and elsewhere, will contain profoundly beneficial impacts for people animate and working with mobility challenges and disability (both physical and cognitive.) With an ageing population, of course, that will breathe an increasing number of us!

Enter Machine-Enabled Workforce

In their best-selling bespeak “The Second Machine Age,” my colleagues Erik Brynjolfsson, professor of Management at MIT Sloan, andAndrew McAfee, co-director of the MIT Initiative on the Digital Economy, debate some very staid concerns about robots replacing people in the workforce. According to their findings, robots today are taking over not only the areas of work that profit from automation—like factories, warehouses, and distribution centers—but too “knowledge work” that requires performing knotty cognitive tasks. In the opening chapter, the authors forewarn us about “the second machine age unfolding right now.”

They survey it as “an inflection point in the history of their economies and societies (…) but one that will bring with it some difficult challenges and choices.” Despite some rather grim predictions, Brynjolfsson and McAfee are optimistic about the future of work.

And so are the authors of a recent Harvard traffic Review article Julia Kirby, editor at great at the Harvard traffic Review, and Thomas Davenport, professor of Information Technology & Management at Babson College. Kirby and Davenport profile five highly tangible approaches that humans involved in knowledge work can engage to remain apropos and successful in the workforce of the future.

Combining telerobotics with other technologies that are already enhancing their work and animate spaces could breathe a remarkable boon to employers looking to tap into diverse talent pools. In its Global Human Capital Trends 2015 report, Deloitte lists “Machines as Talent” as one of the major trends and encourages Human Resources professionals to “focus on the opportunities cognitive technologies present through collaboration between people and machines to wait on build companies more efficient, productive, and profitable, and jobs more meaningful and engaging.”

As MIT Sloan professor of Management and Information Technology Thomas Malone said, “the future of work is not man v. machine, but man plus machine.” You can learn more about the subject in Prof. Malone’s current online executive education course, bright Organizations 4DX, in which he and sum the program participants will breathe meeting as avatars in a 3D virtual-world classroom.

Happy Humans Are Better Workers  

Here at MIT Sloan Executive Education Office, they are definitely not replacing their people with machines, but instead they are using telepresence robots and other information and organizational technologies to wait on their people to breathe more productive and, they hope, happier workers.

We want to build certain that people working remotely or in a different time zone are able to fully participate in the work-life of the office. They want to allow people to work more flexibly in time and place. However, they are not expecting anyone to work around the clock just because they are not in the office physically.

We contain built a structure that seems to breathe working well so far. About two thirds of their employees work remotely one to three days a week and they only search information from everyone to breathe in the office in person if workable on Wednesdays. They try to hold internal meetings between 10:30 am and 4:30 pm, they dispirit meetings before 8:30 am or after 5:30 pm, and encourage everyone to breathe attentive about the work patterns and preferences of others on the team, while still, of course, doing what they need to result to obtain things done efficiently and effectively.

As I explained in a recent interview, what they are finding is that even allowing for some of the challenges of physical distance, people who work remotely can contribute just as much if not more because they are getting so much back from not wasting time commuting, for example. Overall, esprit and outcomes contain improved, as, crucially, has their agility as an organization. These facts are not disconnected.

As a manager, I value very much sum the extra work that people on my team are able to result as a result of these current ways of working. As a leader and human(e) being, though, I value even more how these innovative working practices and technologies are helping us achieve the goal of being a better station to work for all.


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