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642-437 exam Dumps Source : Implementing Cisco Unified Communications Voice over IP and QoS v8.0 (CVOICE v8.0)
Test Code : 642-437
Test cognomen : Implementing Cisco Unified Communications Voice over IP and QoS v8.0 (CVOICE v8.0)
Vendor cognomen : Cisco
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Cisco facts core – Meet Cisco UC & Collaboration…you two can exist working together much more now…
Inevitable in reality – I contemplate we're going to continue to espy a lot more of Cisco’s utility operating on remedy of their information middle innovation…it stands to occasions of course, they want you to purchase it…so why would they not disburse it? That’s the cynical reply – the reality is that makes extra sense than you may also recognise.
standard headlines without problems overlook the details…but that is where they forward in! This latest episode of TechWiseTV is crammed with geeky goodness and you've got arrived on the shownotes. particulars, links and everything the specifics are under the fold –
Cisco’s leadership in riding primary changes to the ancient TDB PBX always modified the communications panorama and Unified Communications is now where the trade is measured. in the last few years, Cisco has efficaciously challenged an additional popularity quo with alterations to the records core. The very equal paradigm transferring consolidation of historically diverse voice and statistics within the communications commerce is now enjoying out very hastily as the concept of virtualization has emerged as a savior to challenges plaguing the information middle.
Our challenge for this attest worried two issues: partake the particulars you want for making a determination about virtualization of your true-time voice applications was a worthy movement for you and your enterprise PLUS determine a way to select some very technical ideas with Cisco’s usaproposition and accomplish them effortless to understand – specifically for these of us who aren't constantly thinking too an Awful lot about the statistics center.
The aha second may well exist light to omit.
Cisco entered the information hub market no longer to without vicissitude create a ‘me too’ server in the mannequin that’s been present for years…however to present a radically evolutionary design with melodramatic benefits in energy consumption, scalability, manageability and bottom line charge. These aren't idle speaking aspects to exist confused with claims any supplier would accomplish any given day…however they're backed with selected and exciting technology advancements.
the future is lustrous certainly – everything of these advantages and extra at the second are obtainable to Cisco UC clients who leverage the Cisco Unified Computing gadget. there is new stuff to gain information of – but it surely is as enjoyable because it is a worthy option..to your profession and to your company. exist a allotment of us as they dive into exactly what you requisite to recognize…the disburse of phrases and americans that will fetch you begun on one of the most a worthy option adjustments you can accomplish to your communications future.
section 1: Unified Communications gets VirtualizedRobb and that i topline the compelling economic benefits of virtualizing Unified Communications and interpret what it means on your routine and how to fetch your head round Cisco’s game-changing virtualization technology.
Two hyperlinks to check out for additional suggestions about this complete discipline, for the less technical: try the reputable Introduction web page, for these of you trying to dig into much more meat and taters, travel right here…Unified Communications Virtualization
phase 2: Why trade the reputation Quo?James Arias joined me by way of TelePresence to explore the evolution of Unified Communications and expose how virtualizing it in your facts core ends up in wonderful simplicity.
segment three: Unified Computing tackle versus MCSIn the lab, Jimmy Ray and that i array the professionals and cons of the Cisco Unified Computing tackle and array you what you should understand to accomplish the migration.
What will also exist Virtualized?Unified Communications manager edition 8.0(2)Unified Contact core specific/IPIVR version 8.0(2)Unified Contact hub enterprise edition eight.0(2)Cisco Unified Presence edition 8.0(1)Cisco solidarity edition 7.0(2)Cisco harmony Connection version 8.0(2
There are specifics to exist privy to as not ‘every’ flavor is eligible.
section four: guidelines and ImplementationJimmy Ray and that i proceed their lab session and what you should exist watchful of for a successful Implementation.
segment 5: Pulling everything of it TogetherThe group came back collectively to overview the exhibit and doc your remaining motion steps for lamentable ahead.Fundamentals
We attach the 4 animated ingredients together that had been featured everything over the display. This fundamentals turned into a essential allotment in my intelligence – coming from the UC world and the Microsoft / IT world before that, I’m pretty relaxed with servers. My guess is most UC professionals are the identical way – but in the event you birth talking statistics middle applied sciences and virtualization, some simple ideas requisite to exist communicated.
Would relish to comprehend what you reckon about ‘Fundamentals of UCS”
So what attain you feel?
Are you able to virtualize? I truthfully became a tremendous transfigure as they worked via this demonstrate – if i used to exist noiseless installing methods this is the style i'd go. It isn’t remedy for every commerce or every deploy, however it is a plausible preference for many folks!Feeling Social?
make certain and attach up with us on their fb fan page: fb.com/techwise. Ton’s of ‘behind the scenes photos/movies and conversations brewing…an outstanding approach to espy what a day-in-the-life of TechWiseTV is everything about.
We create or select half in lots of different content in case you are interested past the leading expose – that you would exist able to sustain with us on our YouTube page or you can also subscribe to the podcast channel (opens iTunes).
Our expose twitter account is at twitter.com/ciscoCIN however you could additionally comply with Robb, Jimmy Ray, Tina Shakour, (Collabroation).
Jimmy Ray’s weblog on community World is a should examine “Networking Geek to Geek”
join the Collaboration conversation on the group: post questions, hear from specialists, attend virtual hobbies.
NEW ORLEANS, LA--(Marketwire - 03/02/eleven) - Cisco ally acme -- Cisco (NASDAQ:CSCO - information) nowadays introduced two new purpose-constructed unified communications options for little and mid-sized corporations. These new Cisco® Unified Communications choices provide shoppers in these separate market segments with complete, low-budget, company-category collaboration techniques to serve power productivity and profitability.Cisco additionally introduced a brand new global earnings productivity initiative known as Cisco companion guide, with brokers accessible to give opt for and Registered partners instant and customized earnings aid to speed up income and accomplish it less complicated to attain enterprise with Cisco. in addition, Cisco is proposing channel companions with extra light methods to proffer finished collaboration solutions for little and mid-sized consumers by means of extending Cisco WebEx® assembly hub to its partners.Announcement Highlights
The Cisco Unified CM enterprise version 3000 presents simple points relish voice mail, conferencing, the capability to park or cling calls, auto attendant, and regular mobility facets relish solitary number reach, extension mobility, and tele-employee aid to associate enterprise calls and voice mail messages to employees anyplace they resolve to work. The Cisco Unified SIP telephone 3905 is an inexpensive, IP-based mostly mobilephone that integrates with the Cisco Unified CM enterprise version 3000 to maneuver the requisite for light voice communications for mid-sized companies. It blanketed fixed keys for redial, switch, cling and resume, speakerphone, volume toggle, and a laptop change port to in the reduction of cabling installing necessities.
Product Pricing and Availability
Technorati Tags: Cisco little business, Cisco SMB, SMB, little organizations, mid-sized agencies, mid-market, unified communications, collaboration, companion enablement, ally solutions, Cisco little company partners, Cisco Unified Communications, Cisco Unified Communications supervisor, Cisco Unified Communications supervisor enterprise edition, IP telephony, Cisco Unified SIP mobilephone 3905, Cisco WebEx, WebEx, Cisco WebEx meeting core, Cisco ally advisor, associate programs, associate initiatives, channel partnerAbout Cisco Collaboration From award-profitable IP communications to mobility, client care, web conferencing, messaging, commerce convivial application, and interoperable telepresence experiences, Cisco brings collectively community-primarily based, built-in collaboration solutions based on open requisites. These solutions, as well as functions from Cisco and their companions, are designed to uphold promote commerce increase, innovation and productivity. they are additionally designed to serve accelerate crew performance, give protection to investments, and simplify the process of finding the right individuals and informationAbout Cisco systems Cisco (NASDAQ:CSCO - news) is the worldwide leader in networking that transforms how people connect, converse and collaborate. counsel about Cisco can exist organize at http://www.cisco.com. For ongoing news, gladden travel to http://newsroom.cisco.com.Cisco and the Cisco emblem are emblems or registered logos of Cisco and/or its associates within the U.S. and different countries. a listing of Cisco's logos can exist organize at www.cisco.com/go/emblems. Third-party logos mentioned are the property of their respective homeowners. the disburse of the exist watchful companion doesn't suggest a partnership relationship between Cisco and another company.Embedded Video AvailableEmbedded Video purchasable: http://www2.marketwire.com/mw/frame_mw?attachid=1529866Embedded Video purchasable: http://www2.marketwire.com/mw/frame_mw?attachid=1529867Image available: http://www2.marketwire.com/mw/frame_mw?attachid=1529698Image available: http://www2.marketwire.com/mw/frame_mw?attachid=1529701Image available: http://www2.marketwire.com/mw/frame_mw?attachid=1529704
Chapter 1, determining considerations in a Multisite Deployment
Deploying Cisco Unified Communications manager between varied sites requires an appropriate dial plan, appropriate bandwidth, a attribute of carrier (QoS) implementation and a design that may continue to exist IP WAN failures.
This chapter will interpret the issues that can arise in a multisite Cisco UC supervisor deployment, and suggest specific options.
choosing issues in a Multisite DeploymentTable of contents:1. Multisite deployment problem overview2. exceptional challenges3. Bandwidth challenges4. Availability challenges5. Dial procedure challenges6. Overlapping and nonconsecutive numbers7. fastened versus variable-size numbering plans8. Variable-size numbering, E.164 addressing and DID9. Optimized cognomen routing and PSTN backup10. NAT and protection issues
Multisite deployment problem overview
formerly known as Cisco cognomen manager (CCM), Cisco Unified Communications supervisor (CUCM) multi-web page deployment challenges can embrace here:
IP networks absorb been not at first designed to raise actual-time site visitors; as an alternative, they had been designed for resiliency and vice tolerance. every packet is processed one by one in an IP community, occasionally causing separate packets in a communications circulate to select different paths to the vacation spot. The distinctive paths within the community may additionally absorb a different volume of packet loss, extend, and prolong adaptation (jitter) as a result of bandwidth, distance, and congestion changes. The vacation spot must exist able to acquire packets out of order and resequence these packets. This problem is solved by the disburse of real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) sequence numbers and site visitors resequencing. When feasible, it is most advantageous to no longer depend solely on these RTP mechanisms. suitable network design, using Cisco router Cisco categorical Forwarding (CEF) change cache know-how, performs per-destination load sharing by using default. Per-destination load sharing is not a perfect load-balancing paradigm, however ensures that each IP circulation (voice call) takes the same route.
Bandwidth is shared by means of distinctive users and functions, whereas the amount of bandwidth required for a person IP stream varies enormously everything through brief lapses of time. Most information functions are very bursty, whereas Cisco actual-time audio communications with RTP disburse the same continual-bandwidth flow. The bandwidth obtainable for any application, including CUCM and voice-bearer site visitors, is unpredictable. right through peak intervals, packets requisite to exist buffered in queues ready to exist processed on account of community congestion. Queuing is a time epoch that any one who has ever skilled air flight is frequent with. in the event you arrive at the airport, you must fetch in a line (queue), since the variety of ticket brokers (bandwidth) obtainable to check you in is below the stream of traffic arriving on the ticket counters (incoming IP traffic). If congestion happens for too lengthy, the queue (packet buffers) receives crammed up, and passengers are irritated (packets are dropped). greater queuing delays and packet drops are greater likely on enormously loaded, slow-velocity hyperlinks comparable to WAN links used between websites in a multisite environment. nice challenges are gauge on these kinds of links, and also you should maneuver them by using imposing QoS. without the disburse of QoS, voice packets undergo extend, jitter, and packet loss, impacting voice first-class. it is crucial to thoroughly configure Cisco QoS mechanisms conclusion to conclusion everything over the community for proper audio and video performance.This chapter changed into excerpted with permissions from imposing Cisco Unified Communications supervisor, allotment 2, by using Chris Olsen, Copyright 2008. For more assistance about this publication and different titles, gladden discuss with Cisco Press.
all over top durations, packets can not exist sent automatically on account of interface congestion. as an alternative, the packets are temporarily saved in a queue, ready to exist processed. The amount of time the packet waits in the queue, called the queuing extend, can fluctuate tremendously based on community conditions and site visitors arrival costs. If the queue is full, newly acquired packets cannot exist buffered anymore and fetch dropped (tail drop). device 1-1 illustrates tail drop. Packets are processed on a primary in, first out (FIFO) model in the hardware queue of everything router interfaces. Voice conversations are predictable and relentless (sampling is every 20 milliseconds through default), but information purposes are bursty and greedy. Voice for this understanding is discipline to degradation of first-rate as a result of prolong, jitter, and packet loss.
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every web page in a multisite deployment constantly is interconnected with the aid of an IP WAN, or every now and then through a metropolitan-area network (MAN) comparable to Metro Ethernet. Bandwidth on WAN links is proscribed and relatively elevated priced. The goal is to accomplish disburse of the purchasable bandwidth as efficaciously as possible. unnecessary traffic should noiseless exist removed from the IP WAN links through content material filtering, firewalls, and entry maneuver lists (ACL). IP WAN acceleration methods for bandwidth optimization should exist considered as smartly. Any duration of congestion may influence in carrier degradation until QoS is deployed everything the way through the community.
Voice streams are uniform and predictable for Cisco audio packets. usually, the G.729 codec is used across the WAN to finest disburse bandwidth. As a comparison, the G.711 audio codec requires sixty four kbps, whereas packetizing the G.711 voice sample in an IP/UDP/RTP header every 20 ms requires sixteen kbps plus the Layer 2 header overhead.
Voice is sampled every 20 ms, leading to 50 packets per 2d (pps). The IP header is 20 bytes, whereas the UDP header is 8 bytes, and the RTP header is 12 bytes. The 40 bytes of header suggestions must exist converted to bits to work out the packet cost of the overhead. as a result of a byte has eight bits, 40 bytes * 8 bits in a byte = 320 bits. The 320 bits are despatched 50 instances per 2nd in line with the 20-ms cost (1 millisecond is 1/a thousand of a 2nd, and 20/1000 = .02). So:
.02 * 50 = 1 second320 bits * 50 = 16,000 bits/sec, or sixteen kbps
Voice packets are benign compared to the bandwidth consumed through facts functions. data functions can fill the total maximum transmission unit (MTU) of an Ethernet frame (1518 bytes or 9216 bytes if jumbo Ethernet frames were enabled). In assessment to facts application packets, voice packets are very little (60 bytes for G.729 and 200 bytes for G.711 with the default 20-ms sampling expense).
In device 1-2, a conference bridge has been deployed on the main web site. No convention bridge exists on the remote site. If three IP phones at a far flung web site exist a allotment of a conference, their RTP streams are sent across the WAN to the conference bridge. The conference bridge, no matter if the disburse of application or hardware resources, mixes the acquired audio streams after which sends again three exciting unicast audio streams to the IP phones over the IP WAN. The conference bridge eliminates the receiver's voice from his or her entertaining RTP circulation in order that the person does not event echo on account of the retard of traversing the WAN link and mixing RTP audio streams within the convention bridge.
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Centralized conference substances occasions bandwidth, lengthen, and talent challenges within the voice community. each and every G.711 RTP circulation requires 80 kbps (plus the Layer 2 overhead), resulting in 240 kbps of IP WAN bandwidth consumption by means of this voice conference. If the convention bridge were not determined on the other aspect of the IP WAN, this site visitors would now not requisite to traverse the WAN hyperlink, leading to less extend and bandwidth consumption. If the remote web site had a CUCM region configuration that resulted in calls with the G.729 codec returned to the main web page, the utility conferencing materials of CUCM would now not exist capable of mix the audio conversations. Hardware conferencing or hardware transcoder media supplies in a voice gateway are required to accommodate G.729 audio conferencing. local hardware conference components would eliminate this want. everything centrally located media supplies (song On cling [MOH], annunciator, convention bridges, videoconferencing, and media termination elements) endure equivalent bandwidth, lengthen, and aid exhaustion challenges.
When deploying CUCM in multisite environments, centralized CUCM-primarily based features are accessed over the IP WAN. Affected capabilities encompass here:
figure 1-3 shows a Unified Communications network in which the leading site is connected to a far off website through a centralized call-processing environment. The leading web page is additionally linked to a far flung cluster through an intercluster trunk (ICT) representing a allotted cognomen processing ambiance. The combination of each centralized and distributed cognomen processing represents a hybrid name-processing model during which little sites disburse the CUCM materials of the leading web page, however tremendous far flung workplaces absorb their personal CUCM cluster. On the backside left of determine 1-three is a SIP trunk, typically over a Metro Ethernet connection to a web Telephony service company (ITSP). The improvement of the SIP trunk is that the ITSP provides the gateways to the PSTN in its position of your providing gateways at the leading website.
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An IP WAN outage in device 1-3 will trigger an outage of call-processing services for the remote web page connected in a centralized style. The far flung cluster will not suffer a name-processing outage, however the remote cluster should not capable of dial the leading site over the IP WAN during the outage. Mission-important voice purposes (voice mail, interactive voice response [IVR], and so forth) observed at the main website will exist unavailable to any of the other websites during the WAN outage.
If the ITSP is using the same hyperlinks that permit IP WAN connectivity, everything calls to and from the public switched cellphone network (PSTN) will even exist unavailable.
A deployment relish the one shown in device 1-three is regarded badly designed on account of the inability of IP WAN and PSTN backup.
Dial procedure challenges
In a multisite deployment, with a solitary or multiple CUCM clusters, dial procedure design requires the glory of a few considerations that don't exist in single-website deployments:
every inside directory quantity relates to a set-size PSTN quantity: in this case, each and every interior directory quantity has its personal committed PSTN number. The listing number can, however does not absorb to, match the least-giant digits of the PSTN number. In countries with a fixed numbering plan, such as the North American Numbering procedure (NANP), this usually skill that the four-digit office codes are used as inner directory numbers. If these are not entertaining, digits of office codes or administratively assigned website codes can exist brought, leading to five or more digits getting used for inner listing numbers.
yet another solution is to now not reuse any digits of the PSTN number but to without problems map every internally used directory quantity to any PSTN number assigned to the enterprise. during this case, the inside and external numbers don't absorb anything else in general. If the internally used directory quantity fits the least-big digits of its corresponding PSTN number, colossal digits can exist set at the gateway or trunk. also, generic external cell quantity masks, transformation masks, or prefixes can exist configured. here's proper as a result of everything internal directory numbers are modified to entirely certified PSTN numbers in the equal manner. an additional illustration is if the inside directory quantity is composed of parts of the PSTN quantity and administratively assigned digits such as web page codes plus PSTN station codes, or different ranges, corresponding to PSTN station codes 4100 to 4180 that map to listing numbers 1100 to 1180, or absolutely impartial mappings of internal directory numbers to PSTN numbers. in that case, one or extra translation rules absorb to exist used for incoming calls, and one or extra calling birthday celebration transformation suggestions, transformation masks, exterior cell quantity masks, or prefixes requisite to exist configured.
class of quantity (TON) in ISDN: The calling number (the automated quantity Identification [ANI]) of calls being got from the PSTN can also exist represented in other ways:
- As a seven-digit subscriber number- As a ten-digit quantity, together with the enviornment code- In alien layout with the country code in entrance of the enviornment code
To standardize the ANI for everything calls, the layout this is used must exist favourite, and the number must exist changed for this reason.
Overlapping and nonconsecutive numbers
In device 1-four, Cisco IP phones at the leading site disburse directory numbers 1001 to 1099, 2000 to 2157, and 2365 to 2999. on the far off website, 1001 to 1099 and 2158 to 2364 are used. These listing numbers absorb two considerations. First, 1001 to 1099 overlap; these listing numbers exist at both sites, in order that they don't look to exist enjoyable everything over the finished deployment. This reasons an issue: If a user in the far off web page dialed handiest the 4 digits 1001, which cellphone would ring? This concern of overlapping dial plans needs to exist addressed by digit manipulation. furthermore, the nonconsecutive disburse of the latitude 2000 to 2999 (with some reproduction numbers on the two websites) would require a significant variety of extra entries in call-routing tables since the stages can hardly ever exist summarized by one (or a couple of) entries.
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fastened versus variable-length numbering plans
a arduous and speedily numbering procedure points fastened-size enviornment codes and local numbers. An open numbering procedure elements variance in size of enviornment code or local quantity, or both, within the country.
desk 1-1 contrasts the NANP and a variable-length numbering procedure -- Germany's numbering procedure during this illustration.
table 1-1component Description fixed Numbering procedure (NANP) Variable-length Numbering procedure (Germany) nation code A code of one to 3 digits is used to compass the certain phone gadget for each and every nation or particular carrier. acquire the E.164 common from http://itu.org to espy everything international country codes. 1 forty nine area code Used inside many nations to route calls to a selected metropolis, vicinity, or special carrier. depending on the nation or region, it may possibly even exist known as a numbering procedure area, subscriber trunk dialing code, national destination code, or routing code. Three digits Three to five digits Subscriber quantity Represents the selected mobile number to exist dialed, but it surely doesn't encompass the nation code, region code (if applicable), overseas prefix, or trunk prefix. Three-digit alternate code plus a four-digit station code Three or extra digits Trunk prefix The preparatory digits to exist dialed in a home call, earlier than the enviornment code and the subscriber number. 1 0 access code a host this is traditionally dialed first "to fetch out to the PSTN," used in PBXs and VoIP programs. 90 international prefix The code dialed before a global quantity (nation code, region code if any, and then subscriber number). 011 00 or + (+ is used by mobile phones)
The NANP PSTN quantity is 408-555-1234, DID isn't used, and everything calls placed to the leading website are handled by an attendant. there's a far off website in Germany with the E.164 PSTN quantity +forty nine 404 13267. four-digit extensions are used at the German area, and DID is allowed as a result of digits can also exist brought to the PSTN number. When calling the German office attendant (not realizing a specific extension), U.S. users would dial 9-011-forty nine-404-13267. word how the + is replaced by the international prefix 011 and the entry code 9. If the cell with extension 1001 should noiseless exist called directly, 9-011-49-404-13267-1001 needs to exist dialed.
Variable-size numbering, E.164 addressing and DID
figure 1-5 illustrates an illustration during which the leading site with CUCM resides in the U.S. and a far off web site without CUCM resides in Germany. The NANP PSTN number in the U.S. is 408-555-1234. exist watchful that DID isn't used, because everything calls placed to the leading web site are handled by means of an attendant. A far off site in Germany has PSTN number +49 404 13267. 4-digit extensions are used at the German place, and DID is allowed because digits can also exist brought to the PSTN quantity. When calling the German office attendant (now not understanding a particular extension), U.S. clients would dial 9-011-forty nine-404-13267. If the telephone with extension 1001 should exist called without delay, 9-011-49-404-13267-1001 has to exist dialed.
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The logic of routing calls by way of CUCM over the WAN or during the PSTN is as it should exist transparent to the mobilephone person.
Optimized cognomen routing and PSTN backup
There are two methods to uphold charges for PSTN calls in a multisite deployment:
within the example shown in device 1-6, a cognomen from Chicago to San Jose could exist routed as follows:
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If the WAN absorb been unavailable for any motive before the call, the Chicago Gateway would must exist accurately configured to route the cognomen with the applicable digit manipulation in the course of the PSTN at a doubtlessly larger toll cost to the San Jose PSTN cellphone.
NAT and protection considerations
In single-web site deployments, CUCM servers and IP telephones usually disburse deepest IP addresses as a result of there is no requisite to communicate with the backyard IP world. NAT is not configured for the mobilephone subnets, and attacks from the outdoor are not possible. In multisite deployments, although, IP protection (IPsec) digital inner most network (VPN) tunnels may also exist used between websites. The VPN tunnels allow best intersite verbal exchange; access to the protected interior networks is not viable from the backyard—simplest from the different web page in the course of the tunnel. for this reason, attacks from the backyard are blocked at the gateway. To configure IPsec VPNs, the VPN tunnel must exist configured to terminate on both gateways in the distinctive sites. now and again here is not possible; as an instance, the two sites may well exist beneath diverse administration, or possibly security policies attain not permit the configuration of IPsec VPNs.
In such a case, or when connecting to a public provider such as an ITSP, NAT needs to exist configured for CUCM servers and IP telephones. Cisco calls this Hosted NAT Traversal for Session verge Controllers.
In determine 1-7, company A and enterprise B each disburse IP community 10.0.0.0/eight internally. To talk over the internet, the private addresses are translated into public IP addresses. company A makes disburse of public IP network A, and enterprise B makes disburse of public IP community B. everything CUCM servers and IP phones can exist reached from the web and converse with each and every different.
As quickly as CUCM servers and IP phones will also exist reached with public IP addresses, they are discipline to assaults from the outside world, introducing odds safety considerations.
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In addition to the CCNP Security and CCNA Voice announcements Cisco made at Interop New York today, Cisco also announced changes to the CCNP Voice certification. Cisco appears to exist changing the names of everything the professional-level certs to CCNP "something" (CCNP Voice is the new official cognomen of this cert). The biggest changes? Updates to Collaboration software V8.0, solidarity Connection and Presence enter this cert in the new CAPPS exam, and the QoS exam leaves the cert.
This post will focus on the CCNP Voice cert, with links for other posts listed at the bottom of this posting. In this post, I'll give an overview of the changes, list some links, and open it up for some gut reaction. I'll dig into the specifics in the individual exams over the next few weeks.
Main CCNP Voice page at Cisco.com
Main CCNP Voice page at the Cisco Learning Network
CCNP Voice Announcement at the Cisco Learning Network
CCNP Voice retains the 5-exam model. Updated versions of CVOICE, CIPT1, CIPT2, and TUC (renamed TVOICE) everything remain, but with some topics shifting. The QoS exam goes away from CCNP Voice, but some QoS content moves over to the new CVOICE. (The new CVOICE tacks "and QoS" to the nearby of the traditional official name.) Cisco replaces the QoS exam slot in CCNP Voice with the new Integrating Cisco Unified Communications Applications (CAPPS) exam.
I had the chance to chat with Fred Weiller, Director of Marketing for Learning@Cisco, and Tejas Vashi, Senior Manager responsible for Product Management for Learning@Cisco, about the upcoming changes. Fred told me that the biggest change across the exams (and related courses) is the additions/changes related to V8.0 of everything the Cisco Voice products (Cisco Unified Communications and Collaboration 8.0). So while the topics may absorb gotten moved around a bit from exam to exam (comparing the traditional and new exams, respectively), the biggest changes show to exist the updates for the product versions, and the addition of the new CAPPS exam. It also looks relish some of the CIPT1 admin tasks absorb moved over to the new CCNA to the new ICOMMM course, which is a new exam for CCNA Voice.
To serve us sift through the specifics about changes to the exams, I've asked my worthy friend and occasional guest blogger in this space, Dave Schulz, to attain a guest blog post here.(Dave teaches Voice classes for Skyline ATS, and wrote the new Cisco Press CIPT2 Quick Reference product.) Before the week's up, I'll post his thoughts examining the details of the changes in CIPT1/CIPT2. He'll probably also give us some additional detail of the other new CCNP Voice exams in another post as well.
The new exam for CCNP Voice, CAPPS, focuses on voice applications, specifically Cisco Unified Messaging (Unity) and Cisco Unified Presence. Cisco already had courses on these topics, but not in the former CCVP track.
Finally, Cisco did not migrate the QoS exam from the traditional CCVP to the new CCNP Voice. Cisco removed QoS as a major topic from CCNP (Route/Switch) in their January 2010 update. (Click here to espy earlier blog posts on this year's CCNP changes.) Cisco shrinks the QoS content in CCVP/CCNP Voice, but the new CVOICE 8.0 exam does cover several QoS topics: DiffServ, classification and marking, link efficiency, and LLQ. The QoS exam stick around for the CCIP track. Wow!Transition Plan:
As usual, Cisco will absorb a transition epoch in which the traditional exams noiseless exist, and the new exams also exist. The posted last date to test with the traditional exams in Feb 28, 2011, but re-check the web site if you're basing your study procedure on this date! (Look to the main page for the new CCNP Voice and search from there.) You can always pass everything the traditional exams before they travel away, or wait and pass everything the new exams. The exciting cases occur when you want to disburse some traditional and some new exams.
Cisco gave us a nice light transition procedure to the new CCNP Voice. Essentially, you pass either the traditional or the new exam in the four obvious cases, and they even let the traditional QoS count (if passed on time) instead of the new CAPPS exam.Cisco Press Publication Plan
The worthy tidings is that, as before, Cisco Press plans to publish new editions of their existing Self Study Guides (SSG) and Quick Reference products for CVOICE, CIPT1, and CIPT2, along with Quick Reference products for TVOICE and CAPPS. The snide tidings is that it appears that neither TVOICE nor CAPPS will absorb a Self-Study guide (SSG) or Official Certification guide (OCG) for CAPPS.
It may exist useful to reckon some background on the style of products. The Quick Refs, a downloaded PDF, summarize reference info for each exam, about 100 pages (+-50%). The Self Study Guides (SSG) focus on foundational learning and are typically based on the material, examples, and diagrams from the Cisco authorized curriculum by the same name. Finally, Cisco Press makes an electronic version of these SSGs available early, for those who don't want to wait for the printed book, in a format called scabrous Cuts. It's a download of the book, but before some of the final editing is done. So, it's rough... but you fetch it early.
So, here are the currently planned date ranges (varies slightly from product to product):
SSG scabrous prick dates (planned): December 2010
SSG Print dates (planned): April/May 2011
Quick Ref dates (planned): Jan 2011
Click here to espy a list of the Self Study guide and Quick Reference products. Note that the links may not exist available immediately on announcement day, so I've linked to a page on my web site. I'll update those links in one position as they become available. Finally, on the replete disclosure front: while I haven't written any of these CCNP Voice books, I attain absorb an roundabout interest in seeing Cisco Press succeed.Quick Opinions
What attain you think? Hoorah, ho hum, oh no?
I was really hoping Cisco would shrink this cert from 5 exams to 4 - I noiseless contemplate CCNP Voice is too big.
Sorry, I'm gloomy about the disappearance of the QoS exam. It appears to exist important, just not an entire exam worth of important. What about you folks?
Cisco's October Certification Announcements:
Cisco Announces Changes to CCNP Voice
Cisco Adds Another Exam to CCNA Voice
Cisco Announces Changes to CCNP SecurityJoin the Network World communities on Facebook and LinkedIn to observation on topics that are top of mind.
Cisco IT certifications are often organize sprinkling the lists of the highest paying certifications in the industry. If you're looking at getting certified, select a leer at this guide to Cisco IT certifications.
Are you thinking about expanding your resume with a new certification? Cisco IT certifications are often organize sprinkling the lists of the highest paying certifications in the industry. Cisco is the long-standing industry leader in designing and manufacturing network equipment.
Whether you're thinking of specializing in working with Cisco products or just broadening your overall skill-set, the ubiquity of Cisco's products and services makes the company's IT certifications an principal allotment of developing your basic skills as an IT professional.
Cisco offers exams at four primary levels of IT certification - Entry, Associate, Professional, and Expert. There are additional tests available at Technician, Specialist and Architect levels. In this post, we're going to focus on certifications at the Entry, Associate, and Professional levels, because if you're an expert already you probably don't requisite a guide!
At each level, there are nine different paths for various specialties within IT, including:
Each proficiency plane has tests to certify the test-taker's abilities in the nine theme areas listed above. Here's a chart showing which tests cover which subjects:Entry Associate Professional Routing & Switching CCENT CCNA CCNP Design CCENT CCDA CCDP Network Security CCENT CCNA Security CCNP Security Wireless CCENT CCNA Wireless CCNP Wireless Voice CCENT CCNA Voice CCNP Voice Data Center CCENT CCNA Data Center CCNP Data Center Storage Networking CCENT Service Provider CCNA Service Provider CCNP Service Provider Service Provider Options CCENT CCNA Service Provider Operations CCNP Service Provider Operations
(Note that blank spaces attest the theme is not covered in that certification level)
(A modified version of the chart is available on Cisco's site.)
Let's leer at each of those exams in more depth.CCENT (Entry certification, everything paths)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician
What does it prove? This certification proves the tester's understanding of basic networking technologies in relation to the 9 paths (security, wireless technology, routing and switching, etc.). It forms the foundation for future certifications, and provides a breadth of information for you to then select a specialty.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-822 (ICND1) - Study material available online.
Are there prerequisites? This test does not absorb any prerequisites.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $74,764 (average salaries based on PayScale numbers)CCNA (Associate certification, Routing and Switching path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate
What does it prove? This certification proves the tester's talent to install, monitor and troubleshoot network infrastructure. Recipients of this certification are trusted to exist able to discharge the day-to-day tasks of a network administrator, with a focus on routing and switching.
What test attain I absorb to take? You may choose to select the 640-802 CCNA exam or both the 640-822 ICND1 and 640-816 ICND2 exams. Online study materials are available for the 640-802 CCNA exam, 640-822 ICND1 exam, and 640-816 ICND2 exam.
Are there prerequisites? This test does not absorb any prerequisites.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $82,923CCDA (Associate certification, Design path)
What does it stand for?Cisco Certified Design Associate
What does it prove? This certification proves the tester's talent to design robust routed and switched network infrastructure for companies of any size. If taken by an individual with existing network engineering abilities, this certification proves that this engineering expertise is backed up with a networking design background. This helps in the daily configuration and troubleshooting tasks of network engineers.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-863 DESIGN - Study material available online.
Are there prerequisites? This test does not absorb any prerequisites, but an understanding of the material covered in the CCNA and CCNP tests is recommended.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $101,915CCNA Security (Associate certificate, Security path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Security
What does it prove? This certification proves the tester's competency in installing and monitoring Cisco security technologies. The tester has received an introduction into security technologies, and is able to discharge the daily tasks of a network security specialist and administrator.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-554 IINS - Online training available. (Note: This test replaced the 640-533 IINS exam, which was last offered on final test date on September 30, 2012.)
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNA security certification exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $92,430CCNA Wireless (Associate certificate, Wireless path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Wireless
What does it prove? This certification proves the tester's talent to disburse Cisco tackle to implement, configure and uphold wireless LANs. The tester is able to discharge the daily tasks of a wireless network administrator.
What test attain I absorb to take? IUWNE 640-722 (Implementing Cisco Unified Wireless Networking Essentials) - Training available online.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNA security certification exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $95,123CCNA Voice (Associate certificate, Voice path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Voice
What does it prove? The tester is prepared for a career in voice networking, and equipped with the necessary skills including managing and supporting voice networks and applications. The tester has a basic understanding of VoIP technologies such as handsets, summon control, messaging, etc.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-461 ICOMM (Introducing Cisco Voice and Unified Communications Administration) v8.0 - Online training available.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNA security certification exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $97,617CCNP Voice (Associate certificate, Voice path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Voice
What does it prove? The tester is prepared for a career in voice networking, and equipped with the necessary skills including implementing, operating, and troubleshooting a converged IP network. The tester has a thorough understanding of attribute of service (QoS), gateways, gatekeepers, IP phones, voice applications and utilities on Cisco routers and Cisco ferment switches.
What test attain I absorb to take? 642-437 CVOICE v8.0 (Implementing Cisco Voice Communications and QoS) and 642-447 CIPT1 v8.0 (Implementing Cisco Unified Communications Manager, allotment 1) and 642-457 CIPT2 v8.0 (Implementing Cisco Unified Communications Manager, allotment 2) and 642-427 TVOICE v8.0 (Troubleshooting Cisco Unified Communications) and 642-467 CAPPS v8.0 (Integrating Cisco Unified Communications Applications)
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up to date CCNA Voice certification or any CCIE Certification.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $111,073 (Source)CCNA Data hub (Associate certificate, Data hub path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Data Center
What does it prove? The CCNA Data hub certification is focused on training data hub professional for work in their field. The tester is prepared to work as a data hub professional designing, installing and maintaining data centers.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-911 DCICN (Introducing Cisco Data hub Networking) and 640-916 DCICT (Introducing Cisco Data hub Technologies)
Are there prerequisites? This test does not absorb any prerequisites.
Average Salary for Certification holder: Not available.CCNP Data hub (Professional certificate, Data hub path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Professional Data Center
What does it prove? The CCNP Data hub Certification proves the experienced data hub professional's talent to design, implement, and troubleshoot data centers. relish the CCNA Data hub certification, the CCNP Data hub certification is designed to provide on-the-job skill edifice for those studying for it.
What test attain I absorb to take? Many of the required tests are being retired in early 2013. We've chosen not to list these here. 642-999 DCUCI v5.0 and 642-997 DCUFI v5.0 and 642-998 DCUCD v5.0 and 642-996 DCUFD v5.0 or 642-035 DCUCT v5.0 and 642-980 DCUFT v5.0. For a replete list of exams, including the ones that will exist retired in early 2013, click here.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA Data hub certification, or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNP Data hub certification.
Average Salary for Certification holder: Not available.CCNA Service Provider (Associate certificate, CCNA Service Provider)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Provider
What does it prove? The tester is prepared to work as a network engineer on next generation service provider networks. The tester has acquired the necessary skills to configure, optimize and problem solve service provider network environments.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-875 SPNGN1 and 640-878 SPNGN2 (Building Cisco Service Provider Next-Generation Networks). Click the test cognomen for available online training.
Are there prerequisites? This test does not absorb any prerequisites.CCNA Service Provider Operations (Associate certificate, CCNA Service Provider Operations)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Service Provider Operations
What does it prove? The tester is prepared to work as a Tier I uphold engineer, understanding how to troubleshoot, configure, change and manage the performance of the environment within an IP NGN core network infrastructure.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-760 SSPO (Supporting Cisco Service Provider IP NGN Operations). Online training resources available.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCENT, CCNA, or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNA Service Provider Operations exam.CCNP (Professional certificate, Routing and Switching path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Professional
What does it prove? The tester is prepared to work with specialists on advanced technologies, such as security, wireless, voice, etc. The tester is equipped with the necessary implementing, verifying and troubleshooting skills to work with local and wide-area networks as a technician, uphold engineer, system engineer or network engineer.
What test attain I absorb to take? 642-902 ROUTE (Implementing Cisco IP Routing), 642-813 SWITCH (Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks, 642-832 TSHOOT Troubleshooting and Maintaining Cisco IP Networks - Online training available. Click test names to espy online training options.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $76,000CCNA Service Provider Operations (Associate certificate, Service Provider Operations path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Associate Service Provider Operations
What does it prove? The CCNA Service Provider certification proves the certificate-holder's basic information of incident, fault, configuration, change and performance management procedures, as well as NMS tools and protocols.
What test attain I absorb to take? 640-760 SSPO
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb one of the following: any convincing cisco CCENT, CCNA or CCIE before taking the CCNA Service Provider Operations exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: Not available.CCDP (Professional certificate, Design path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Design Professional
What does it prove? The tester is able to understand and implement knowing network design architectures for enterprises. The tester will exist able to articulate their procedure and implement it to create secure, multi-layered network systems. Tester's abilities extend to virtual private networking and wireless domains, as well as edifice scalable internetworks, multilayer switched networks and designing network service architectures.
What test attain I absorb to take? 642-902 ROUTE (Implementing Cisco IP Routing), 642-813 SWITCH (Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks), ARCH (Designing Cisco Network Service Architectures). - Online training available. Click test names to espy online training options.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCDA and CCNA certifications or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCDP security certification exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $116,863CCNP Security (Professional certificate, Security path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Professional Security
What does it prove? The tester will absorb the necessary skills to discharge the on-the-job tasks required from a network security engineer. CCNP Security professionals are able to test, deploy, configure, maintain, and troubleshoot Cisco compliances and iOS features.
What test attain I absorb to take? 642-637 SECURE v1.0 (Secure v1.0 Securing Networks with Cisco Routers and Switches), 642-618 FIREWALL v2.0 (Deploying Cisco ASA Firewall Solutions), 642-648 VPN v2.0 (Deploying Cisco ASA VPN Solutions), 642-627 IPS v7.0 (Implementing Cisco Intrusion Prevention System v7.0). - Online training available. Click test names to espy online training options.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA Security certification, or CCSP certification, or CCNA certification and SND exam pass.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $118,521CCNP Wireless (Professional certificate, Wireless path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Professional Wireless
What does it prove? The tester will understand how to conduct a wireless site survey, integrate voice over wireless LAN services and mobility services into a wireless LAN, as well as ensure the proper implementation of a security gauge into the wireless environment. Testers will exist knowledgeable about wireless networking on an advanced level.
What test attain I absorb to take? 642-732 CUWSS v2.0 (Conducting Cisco Unified Wireless Site Survey) and 642-742 IUWVN v2.0 (Implementing Cisco Unified Wireless Voice Networks) and 642-747 IUWMS v2.0 (Implementing Cisco Unified Wireless Mobility Services) and 642-737 IAUWS v2.0 (Implementing Advanced Cisco Unified Wireless Security)
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA certifications or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNP wireless exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: $95,123CCNP Service Provider (Professional certificate, Service Provider path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Professional Service Provider
What does it prove? The tester will gain the on-the-job skills required to implement, verify, troubleshoot, and optimize the service provider network environment. This certification enables the tester to deliver scalable, optimized network architectures for enterprises.
What tests attain I absorb to take? 642-883 (Deploying Cisco Service Provider Network Routing or SPROUTE) and 642-885 (Deploying Cisco Service Provider Advanced Routing or SPADVROUTE) and 642-887 (Implementing Cisco Service Provider Next-Generation Core Network Services or SPCORE) and 642-889 (Implementing Cisco Service Provider Next-Generation Edge Network Services or SPEDGE)
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA Service Provider certification, or CCNA Routing & Switching and passed a minimum of 1 CCIP exam), or CCIP, or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNP wireless exam.
Average Salary for Certification holder: Certified CCNP network engineers win $56,422 to $80,408; information technology managers win $65,274 to $96,075.14.CCNP Service Provider Operations (Professional certificate, Service Provider Operations path)
What does it stand for? Cisco Certified Network Professional Service Provider Operations
What does it prove? The tester will exist able to understand how to identify and sequester network performance problems and identify solutions by implementing efficacious network management processes and policies. CCNP Service Provider Operations individuals will exist able to work at the plane of a Tier II or Tier III uphold engineer on IP NGN core network infrastructures.
What tests attain I absorb to take? 642-770 OFCN Prep (Operational Foundations for Cisco Service Provider Core Networks), 642-775 MSPRP Prep (Maintaining Cisco Service Provider Routing Protocols), 642-780 MSPVM Prep (Maintaining Cisco Service Provider VPNs and MPLS Networks), 642-785 MSPQS Prep (Maintaining Cisco Service Provider attribute of Service). - Online training available. Click test names to espy online training options.
Are there prerequisites? Testers are required to absorb either an up-to-date CCNA Service Provider Operations certification, or any Cisco CCIE Certification before taking the CCNP Service Provider Operations Certification.
Average Salary for Certification holder: Certified CCNP network engineers win $56,422 to $80,408; information technology managers win $65,274 to $96,075.16.
Dave Schulz guest blogs again today about Cisco's voice certification changes. Dave asserts that the new CCNA Voice - due to the new ICOMM exam - looks relish it raises the bar a bit on getting your CCNA Voice certification. Similar to his post last week, Dave examines the new ICOMM 8.0 course to serve interpret more detail about the benign of materials you might hope to espy in the new ICOMM exam. Dave is a Voice instructor for Skyline ATS, author of the new CIPT2 Quick Reference from Cisco Press. attain you coincide that ICOMM makes CCNA Voice more challenging? Also, it's your last chance to toss a question out to Dave, since this is his final round of posting for his guest appearance. Thanks, Dave!
Today's blog will exist addressing the changes for CCNA voice. The changes released by Cisco in the past week impress the CCNA voice, as well as, the CCVP (now CCNP voice) certification programs. The CCNA voice certification noiseless requires a convincing CCNA certification. The traditional CCNA Voice then required you to pass either the IIUC (640-460) or the CVOICE (642-436) exams. If you are currently working on this path, you absorb until the nearby of February to complete the certification path.
The new CCNA voice replaces those two older exam options with the new ICOMM (640-461) exam. This exam has an associated training course, Introducing Cisco Voice and Unified Communications (ICOMM) v8.0. Similar to last week's post on CIPT1 and CIPT2, this post examines the new course to espy what conclusions they might accomplish about the new ICOMM exam.
The course is supposed to exist introduction to Cisco Unified Communications, which covers Cisco Unified Communication Manager, Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express, Cisco solidarity Connection, and Cisco Unified Presence. Some of you may exist saying... "Four products in a 5-day course?" Yep, you heard it right. And, since you are already having so much fun.... Even though this course has "Introducing" as the first word in the title, and sounds to exist and "Administration" course, it is neither an administration-level nor an introduction-level course.
A lot of assumptions are made regarding the plane of information that would exist a pre-requisite for this course and exam. The course itself states the learner should initiate the course with a working information of converged voice and data networks, information of gateways, and Cisco Unified Communications Manager and Cisco solidarity Connection. Oh, did I voice the title of this class begins with the word, introducing? So, does there show to exist a gap in the CCNA certification and the learners' enrollment in ICOMM? Well, you exist the judge. However, attain not fetch excited at the first view of this 5-day course, thinking.... I can select this 5-day course, pass a test and I am a CCNA Voice. Yep.... And you can travel to Cisco and select the CCIE voice exam and in one-day become a CCIE! Easier said than done!
Seriously, I contemplate there's a gap between the topics in CCNA and what you requisite to start ICOMM - at least based on the course. After you complete the CCNA, you will requisite to fetch more understanding of these products and technology before you enroll in the ICOMM course, as well as, changing one's understanding of what "introducing" and "administration" means.
Anyway, the ICOMM course and exam cover a host of information regarding these four products dealing with interfaces, users and user configuration, and some design concepts of these products. Voicemail integration, summon flow, and presence server configuration and are also discussed, along with QoS concepts, dial-peer configuration, and host of features and mobility concepts. The plane of maintenance and administration covered in this course is quite advanced covering not only the DRF (disaster recovery system), but reports, summon Detail Records, and the disburse of the Real-Time Monitoring Tool.
Bridging the gap:
Just some suggestions here, if you are mount your pursuit of the CCNA voice, then I would suggest (after you complete the CCNA) to select one of the following routes before mount the ICOMM course. These options can embrace any of the following (to cover the pre-requisite of your understanding of Cisco Unified CM and Cisco solidarity Connection):
1. Gain a working information by your current involvement with voice technology on the job.
2. Enroll in a basic administration class (ACUCM and AUC). These classes are proper introductory classes that can exist understood by anyone mount their pursuit of CCNA voice. However, these attain not cover Cisco Unified CM Express or Presence, but should exist you a core understanding of voice technology as it applies to these two products.
3. Study and learn the voice technologies required by purchasing Cisco Press books, Quick Reference guides, reading the Cisco documentation, and edifice your own home lab.
4. fetch a study ally - during my pursuit of the CCIE, I had a study ally that really helped provide encouragement, dig deeper into some of the more difficult concepts, and continue on with the pursuit, even when the going got tough
(Note from Wendell: on the above, it will exist exciting to espy what's in the new ICOMM Cert guide once it's available.)
It appears that the bar has been raised on most of the certifications paths. Some of this is due to the new products and technologies being covered, some might been due to Cisco's attempt to minimize the gap between the CCNA voice, CCNP voice and CCIE voice. However, don't let anything discourage you from pursuing your dream and achieving CCNA voice or any other certification. remain the course!
Cisco's October Certification Announcements:
Cisco Announces Changes to CCNP Voice
Cisco Adds Another Exam to CCNA Voice
Cisco Announces Changes to CCNP Security
A Deeper leer at the New CCNP CIPT1 8.0 and CIPT2 8.0 Course/ExamsJoin the Network World communities on Facebook and LinkedIn to observation on topics that are top of mind.
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